New and Modified Skills

wiki

Contents


Introduction

This is a list of skills for my game, based on the skills in the SRD. I have collected various uses of the skills (epic and nonepic) and compiled them into a single source, adding my modifications where needed. I expanded the Craft, Knowledge, and Profession skills; I reworked the Speak Language skill; I added examples and clarified where I thought there might be confusion. Where appropriate, I made changes to reflect the nature of my world: penalties for illiteracy appear on many skills, from a small penalty on Profession (scribe) to a large penalty on Forgery checks to outright impossibility on Decipher Script checks.

It is important to remember that many skills can be substituted for others in particular situations. As an example of such substitution, consider making a check to learn about dungeons:

Knowledge (Denivian underdepths): DC 18, or 28 for one with a particular property—but only in Deniv

Knowledge (Deniv): DC 20, or 30 for one with a particular property—but only in Deniv

Knowledge (dungeoneering): DC 30, or 35 for one with a particular property

Knowledge (religion): DC 40 for one with particular religions significance

Knowledge (architecture and engineering): DC 35

Knowledge (the planes): DC 35 for a planar dungeon

Gather Information: DC 40 in places where dungeons are common, like Deniv; DC 55 elsewhere

Bardic knowledge: DC 35, or 25 for a particularly renowned dungeon

Clearly, many skills are possible, and other skills could also come into play: perhaps Knowledge (arcana) for a particularly hard-to-find dungeon, or Knowledge (history) for an ancient dungeon. Even Profession (miner) could be useful!

Aid Other

Check ResultBonus
9 or less+0
10+2
20+3
30+4
40+5
50+6
60+7
10x+(x+1)

Trading Skills

Group 1 skills: Bluff, Diplomacy, Hide, Knowledge (all), Listen, Move Silently, Sense Motive, Spot, Tumble, Use Magic Device

Group 2 skills: Concentration, Disable Device, Disguise, Escape Artist, Forgery, Heal, Intimidate, Open Lock, Perform (all), Ride, Search, Sleight of Hand, Speak Language, Spellcraft, Survival

Group 3 skills: Appraise, Balance, Climb, Decipher Script, Gather Information, Handle Animal, Jump, Knowledge (any one), Swim, Use Rope

Group 4 skills: Craft (all), Profession (all).

I value group 1 skills at twice group 2 skills, group 2 skills twice group 3 skills, and group 3 skills twice group 4 skills.

I allow 2:1 trades within certain bounds (i.e. subject to DM approval). For example, a rogue could trade Use Magic Device for Concentration, or a bard could trade Appraise, Balance, all Craft skills, Decipher Script, and all Profession skills for Open Lock.


The Skills

Appraise (Int)

So the things which Ama-no-hi-boko brought over here, and which were called the "precious treasures," were: two strings of pearls: likewise a wave-shaking scarf, a wave-cutting scarf, a wind-shaking scarf, and a wind-cutting scarf; likewise a mirror of the offing and a mirror of the shore—eight articles in all.
–Kojiki (Japanese, 7th century)

Check: You can appraise common or well-known objects with a DC 12 Appraise check. Failure means that you estimate the value at 50% to 150% (2d6+3 times 10%,) of its actual value.

Appraising a rare or exotic item requires a successful check against DC 15, 20, or higher. If the check is successful, you estimate the value correctly; failure means you cannot estimate the item's value.

A magnifying glass gives you a +2 circumstance bonus on Appraise checks involving any item that is small or highly detailed, such as a gem. A merchant's scale gives you a +2 circumstance bonus on Appraise checks involving any items that are valued by weight, including anything made of precious metals. These bonuses stack.

Detect Magic: With a DC 50 check, the character can sense if an item has a magical aura. He or she can then use Spellcraft to learn more about the item as if he or she had already cast detect magic on the item. This requires a full-round action.

Action: Appraising an item takes 1 minute (ten consecutive full-round actions).

Try Again: No. You cannot try again on the same object, regardless of success.

Special: A dwarf gets a +2 racial bonus on Appraise checks that are related to stone or metal items because dwarves are familiar with valuable items of all kinds (especially those made of stone or metal).

The master of a raven familiar gains a +3 bonus on Appraise checks.

A character with the Diligent feat gets a +2 bonus on Appraise checks.

Restriction: Illiterate characters suffer a −2 penalty on Appraise checks to value scrolls, books, and other items where writing is an integral part.

Synergy: If you have 5 ranks in any Craft skill, you gain a +2 bonus on Appraise checks related to items made with that Craft skill.

Untrained: For common items, failure on an untrained check means no estimate. For rare items, success means an estimate of 50% to 150% (2d6+3 times 10%).

Balance (Dex; Armor Check Penalty)

Little John and Robin Hood at the bridge

Check: You can walk on a precarious surface. A successful check lets you move at half your speed along the surface for 1 round. A failure by 4 or less means you can't move for 1 round. A failure by 5 or more means you fall. The difficulty varies with the surface, as follows:

Narrow SurfaceBalance DC*
7–12 inches wide10
2–6 inches wide15
1–2 inches wide20
Up to 1 inch wide40
Hair-thin60
Liquid†90
Cloud120

* Add modifiers from Narrow Surface Modifiers, below, as appropriate.
† Includes any other surface that couldn't support the character's weight, such as a fragile branch.

Difficult SurfaceBalance DC*
Uneven flagstone10
Hewn stone floor10†
Sloped or angled floor10†

* Add modifiers from Narrow Surface Modifiers, below, as appropriate.
† Only if running or charging. Failure by 4 or less means the character can't run or charge, but may otherwise act normally.

Narrow Surface Modifiers
SurfaceDC Modifier*
Lightly obstructed+2
Severely obstructed+5
Lightly slippery+2
Severely slippery+5
Sloped or angled+2

* Add the appropriate modifier to the Balance DC of a narrow surface. These modifiers stack.

Being Attacked while Balancing: You are considered flat-footed while balancing, since you can't move to avoid a blow, and thus you lose your Dexterity bonus to AC (if any). If you have 5 or more ranks in Balance, you aren't considered flat-footed while balancing. If you take damage while balancing, you must make another Balance check against the same DC to remain standing.

Accelerated Movement: You can try to walk across a precarious surface more quickly than normal. If you accept a −5 penalty, you can move your full speed as a move action. (Moving twice your speed in a round requires two Balance checks, one for each move action used.) You may also accept this penalty in order to charge across a precarious surface; charging requires one Balance check for each multiple of your speed (or fraction thereof) that you charge.

Action: None. A Balance check doesn't require an action; it is made as part of another action or as a reaction to a situation.

Special: If you have the Agile feat, you get a +2 bonus on Balance checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Tumble, you get a +2 bonus on Balance checks.

Bluff (Cha)

Men willingly believe what they wish.
–Iulius Caesar (the Divine)

Check: A Bluff check is opposed by the target's Sense Motive check. See the accompanying table for examples of different kinds of bluffs and the modifier to the target's Sense Motive check for each one.

Favorable and unfavorable circumstances weigh heavily on the outcome of a bluff. Two circumstances can weigh against you: The bluff is hard to believe, or the action that the target is asked to take goes against its self-interest, nature, personality, orders, or the like. If it's important, you can distinguish between a bluff that fails because the target doesn't believe it and one that fails because it just asks too much of the target. For instance, if the target gets a +10 bonus on its Sense Motive check because the bluff demands something risky, and the Sense Motive check succeeds by 10 or less, then the target didn't so much see through the bluff as prove reluctant to go along with it. A target that succeeds by 11 or more has seen through the bluff.

A successful Bluff check indicates that the target reacts as you wish, at least for a short time (usually 1 round or less) or believes something that you want it to believe. Bluff, however, is not a suggestion spell.

A bluff requires interaction between you and the target. Creatures unaware of you cannot be bluffed.

Feinting in Combat: You can also use Bluff to mislead an opponent in melee combat (so that it can't dodge your next attack effectively). To feint, make a Bluff check opposed by your target's Sense Motive check, but in this case, the target may add its base attack bonus to the roll along with any other applicable modifiers.

If your Bluff check result exceeds this special Sense Motive check result, your target is denied its Dexterity bonus to AC (if any) for the next melee attack you make against it. This attack must be made on or before your next turn.

Feinting in this way against a creature of a different type is difficult because it's harder to read a strange creature's body language; you take a −4 penalty on your Bluff check. Against a creature of animal Intelligence (1 or 2) it's even harder; you take a −8 penalty. Against a nonintelligent creature, it's impossible.

Feinting in combat does not provoke an attack of opportunity.

Creating a Diversion to Hide: You can use the Bluff skill to help you hide. A successful Bluff check gives you the momentary diversion you need to attempt a Hide check while people are aware of you. This usage does not provoke an attack of opportunity.

Delivering a Secret Message: You can use Bluff to get a message across to another character without others understanding it. The DC is 15 for simple messages, or 20 for complex messages, especially those that rely on getting across new information. Failure by 4 or less means you can't get the message across. Failure by 5 or more means that some false information has been implied or inferred. Anyone listening to the exchange can make a Sense Motive check opposed by the Bluff check you made to transmit in order to intercept your message (see Sense Motive).

Action: Varies. A Bluff check made as part of general interaction always takes at least 1 round (and is at least a full-round action), but it can take much longer if you try something elaborate. A Bluff check made to feint in combat or create a diversion to hide is a standard action. A Bluff check made to deliver a secret message doesn't take an action; it is part of normal communication.

TaskDC
Display false alignment70
Disguise surface thoughts100
Instill suggestion in target+50

Display False Alignment: The character can fool alignment-sensing effects by displaying a false alignment of his or her choice. Once set, a false alignment remains as long as the character remains conscious and awake. Setting or changing a false alignment requires a full-round action.

Disguise Surface Thoughts: The character can fool spells such as detect thoughts (or similar effects) by displaying false surface thoughts. While the character can't completely mask the presence of his or her thoughts, he or she can change his or her apparent Intelligence score (and thus the character's apparent mental strength) by as much as 10 points and can place any thought in his or her "surface thoughts" to be read by such spells or effects. If a character attempts to use Sense Motive to detect his or her surface thoughts (see the Sense Motive skill description), this becomes an opposed check (though any result lower than 100 automatically fails).

Instill Suggestion in Target: This is identical to the effect of the suggestion spell, except that it is nonmagical and lasts for only 10 minutes. It can be sensed as if it were an enchantment effect (Sense Motive DC 25).

Try Again: Varies. Generally, a failed Bluff check in social interaction makes the target too suspicious for you to try again in the same circumstances, but you may retry freely on Bluff checks made to feint in combat. Retries are also allowed when you are trying to send a message, but you may attempt such a retry only once per round.

Each retry carries the same chance of miscommunication.

Special: A ranger gains a bonus on Bluff checks when using this skill against a favored enemy.

The master of a snake familiar gains a +3 bonus on Bluff checks.

If you have the Persuasive feat, you get a +2 bonus on Bluff checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Bluff, you get a +2 bonus on Diplomacy, Intimidate, and Sleight of Hand checks, as well as on Disguise checks made when you know you're being observed and you try to act in character.

Bluff Examples
Example CircumstancesSense Motive Modifier
The target wants to believe you.−5
The bluff is believable and doesn't affect the target much.+0
The bluff is a little hard to believe or puts the target at some risk.+5
The bluff is hard to believe or puts the target at significant risk.+10
The bluff is way out there, almost too incredible to consider.+20

Climb (Str; Armor Check Penalty)

And even as a fir-tree tapers upward
From bough to bough, so downwardly did that;
I think in order that no one might climb it.
–Dante Alighieri

Check: With a successful Climb check, you can advance up, down, or across a slope, a wall, or some other steep incline (or even a ceiling with handholds) at one-quarter your normal speed. A slope is considered to be any incline at an angle measuring less than 60 degrees; a wall is any incline at an angle measuring 60 degrees or more.

A Climb check that fails by 4 or less means that you make no progress, and one that fails by 5 or more means that you fall from whatever height you have already attained.

A climber's kit gives you a +2 circumstance bonus on Climb checks.

The DC of the check depends on the conditions of the climb. Compare the task with those on the following table to determine an appropriate DC.

Climb DCExample Surface or Activity
0A slope too steep to walk up, or a knotted rope with a wall to brace against
5A rope with a wall to brace against, or a knotted rope, or a rope affected by the rope trick spell
10A surface with ledges to hold on to and stand on, such as a very rough wall or a ship's rigging
15Any surface with adequate handholds and footholds (natural or artificial), such as a very rough natural rock surface or a tree, or an unknotted rope, or pulling yourself up when dangling by your hands
20An uneven surface with some narrow handholds and footholds, such as a typical wall in a dungeon or ruins
25A rough surface, such as a natural rock wall or a brick wall
25An overhang or ceiling with handholds but no footholds
70A perfectly smooth, flat, vertical surface
100A perfectly smooth, flat, overhang or ceiling
Climb DC*Example Surface or Activity
−10Climbing a chimney (artificial or natural) or other location where you can brace against two opposite walls
−5Climbing a corner where you can brace against perpendicular walls
+5Surface is slippery

* These modifiers are cumulative; use any that apply.

You need both hands free to climb, but you may cling to a wall with one hand while you cast a spell or take some other action that requires only one hand. While climbing, you can't move to avoid a blow, so you lose your Dexterity bonus to AC (if any). You also can't use a shield while climbing.

Any time you take damage while climbing, make a Climb check against the DC of the slope or wall. Failure means you fall from your current height and sustain the appropriate falling damage.

Accelerated Climbing: You try to climb more quickly than normal. By accepting a −5 penalty, you can move half your speed (instead of one-quarter your speed).

Rapid Climbing: A character can climb his or her speed as a move-equivalent action, or double his or her speed as a full-round action (requiring two Climb checks), but the character takes a −20 penalty on his or her check.

Making Your Own Handholds and Footholds: You can make your own handholds and footholds by pounding pitons into a wall. Doing so takes 1 minute per piton, and one piton is needed per 3 feet of distance. As with any surface that offers handholds and footholds, a wall with pitons in it has a DC of 15. In the same way, a climber with a handaxe or similar implement can cut handholds in an ice wall.

Catching Yourself When Falling: It's practically impossible to catch yourself on a wall while falling. Make a Climb check (DC = wall's DC + 20) to do so. It's much easier to catch yourself on a slope (DC = slope's DC + 10).

Catching a Falling Character While Climbing: If someone climbing above you or adjacent to you falls, you can attempt to catch the falling character if he or she is within your reach. Doing so requires a successful melee touch attack against the falling character (though he or she can voluntarily forego any Dexterity bonus to AC if desired). If you hit, you must immediately attempt a Climb check (DC = wall's DC + 10). Success indicates that you catch the falling character, but his or her total weight, including equipment, cannot exceed your heavy load limit or you automatically fall. If you fail your Climb check by 4 or less, you fail to stop the character's fall but don't lose your grip on the wall. If you fail by 5 or more, you fail to stop the character's fall and begin falling as well.

Action: Climbing is part of movement, so it's generally part of a move action (and may be combined with other types of movement in a move action). Each move action that includes any climbing requires a separate Climb check. Catching yourself or another falling character doesn't take an action.

Special: You can use a rope to haul a character upward (or lower a character) through sheer strength. You can lift double your maximum load in this manner.

A halfling has a +2 racial bonus on Climb checks because halflings are agile and surefooted.

The master of a lizard familiar gains a +3 bonus on Climb checks.

If you have the Athletic feat, you get a +2 bonus on Climb checks.

The Legendary Climber feat allows a character to ignore any penalties for accelerated or rapid climbing.

A creature with a climb speed has a +8 racial bonus on all Climb checks. The creature must make a Climb check to climb any wall or slope with a DC higher than 0, but it always can choose to take 10, even if rushed or threatened while climbing. If a creature with a climb speed chooses an accelerated climb (see above), it moves at double its climb speed (or at its land speed, whichever is slower) and makes a single Climb check at a−5 penalty. Such a creature retains its Dexterity bonus to Armor Class (if any) while climbing, and opponents get no special bonus to their attacks against it. It cannot, however, use the run action while climbing.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Use Rope, you get a +2 bonus on Climb checks made to climb a rope, a knotted rope, or a rope-and-wall combination.

Concentration (Con)

Do not dwell in the past, do not dream of the future, concentrate the mind on the present moment.
–Prince Siddhārtha (the Enlightened)

Check: You must make a Concentration check whenever you might potentially be distracted (by taking damage, by harsh weather, and so on) while engaged in some action that requires your full attention. Such actions include casting a spell, concentrating on an active spell, directing a spell, using a spell-like ability, or using a skill that would provoke an attack of opportunity. In general, if an action wouldn't normally provoke an attack of opportunity, you need not make a Concentration check to avoid being distracted.

If the Concentration check succeeds, you may continue with the action as normal. If the check fails, the action automatically fails and is wasted. If you were in the process of casting a spell, the spell is lost. If you were concentrating on an active spell, the spell ends as if you had ceased concentrating on it. If you were directing a spell, the direction fails but the spell remains active. If you were using a spell-like ability, that use of the ability is lost. A skill use also fails, and in some cases a failed skill check may have other ramifications as well.

The table below summarizes various types of distractions that cause you to make a Concentration check. If the distraction occurs while you are trying to cast a spell, you must add the level of the spell you are trying to cast to the appropriate Concentration DC. If more than one type of distraction is present, make a check for each one; any failed Concentration check indicates that the task is not completed.

Concentration DC1Distraction
10 + damage dealtDamaged during the action.2
10 + half of continuous damageTaking continuous damage during the damage last dealt action.3
Distracting spell's save DCDistracted by nondamaging spell.4
5Weather is a high wind carrying blinding rain or sleet.
10Weather is wind-driven hail, dust, or debris.
10Vigorous motion (on a moving mount, taking a bouncy wagon ride, in a small boat in rough water, belowdecks in a stormtossed ship).
15Violent motion (on a galloping horse, taking a very rough wagon ride, in a small boat in rapids, on the deck of a storm-tossed ship), or entangled.
20Extraordinarily violent motion (earthquake).
20Grappling or pinned (no somatic components, material component in hand)
50Grappling or pinned

1 If you are trying to cast, concentrate on, or direct a spell when the distraction occurs, add the level of the spell to the indicated DC.
2 Such as during the casting of a spell with a casting time of 1 round or more, or the execution of an activity that takes more than a single full-round action (such as Disable Device). Also, damage stemming from an attack of opportunity or readied attack made in response to the spell being cast (for spells with a casting time of 1 action) or the action being taken (for activities requiring no more than a full-round action).
3 Such as from acid arrow.
4 If the spell allows no save, use the save DC it would have if it did allow a save.

Action: None. Making a Concentration check doesn't take an action; it is either a free action (when attempted reactively) or part of another action (when attempted actively).

Try Again: Yes, though a success doesn't cancel the effect of a previous failure, such as the loss of a spell you were casting or the disruption of a spell you were concentrating on.

Special: You can use Concentration to cast a spell, use a spell-like ability, or use a skill defensively, so as to avoid attacks of opportunity altogether. This doesn't apply to other actions that might provoke attacks of opportunity.

The DC of the check is 15 (plus the spell's level, if casting a spell or using a spell-like ability defensively). If the Concentration check succeeds, you may attempt the action normally without provoking any attacks of opportunity. A successful Concentration check still doesn't allow you to take 10 on another check if you are in a stressful situation; you must make the check normally. If the Concentration check fails, the related action also automatically fails (with any appropriate ramifications), and the action is wasted, just as if your concentration had been disrupted by a distraction.

A character with the Combat Casting feat gets a +4 bonus on Concentration checks made to cast a spell or use a spell-like ability while on the defensive or while grappling or pinned.

Craft (Int)

Let each man exercise the art he knows.
–Aristophanes

You are trained in a craft, trade, or art, such as alchemy, armorsmithing, blacksmithing, bowmaking, carpentry, leatherworking, masonry, painting, pottery, sculpting, shipmaking, stonemasonry, trapmaking, weaponsmithing, and weaving.

Like Knowledge, Perform, and Profession, Craft is actually a number of separate skills. You could have several Craft skills, each with its own ranks, each purchased as a separate skill.

A Craft skill is specifically focused on creating something. If nothing is created by the endeavor, it probably falls under the heading of a Profession skill.

Check: You can practice your trade and make a decent living, earning about twice your check result in silver pieces per week of dedicated work. You know how to use the tools of your trade, how to perform the craft's daily tasks, how to supervise untrained helpers, and how to handle common problems. (Untrained laborers and assistants earn an average of 1 silver piece per day.)

The basic function of the Craft skill, however, is to allow you to make an item of the appropriate type. The DC depends on the complexity of the item to be created. The DC, your check results, and the price of the item determine how long it takes to make a particular item. The item's finished price also determines the cost of raw materials.

In some cases, the fabricate spell can be used to achieve the results of a Craft check with no actual check involved. However, you must make an appropriate Craft check when using the spell to make articles requiring a high degree of craftsmanship.

A successful Craft check related to woodworking in conjunction with the casting of the ironwood spell enables you to make wooden items that have the strength of steel.

When casting the spell minor creation, you must succeed on an appropriate Craft check to make a complex item.

All crafts require artisan's tools to give the best chance of success. If improvised tools are used, the check is made with a circumstance penalty of at least −2. On the other hand, masterwork artisan's tools provide a +2 circumstance bonus on the check.

To determine how much time and money it takes to make an item, follow these steps.

1. Find the item's price. Put the price in silver pieces (1 gp = 10 sp).

2. Find the DC from the table below.

3. Pay one-third of the item's price for the cost of raw materials.

4. Make an appropriate Craft check representing one week's work. If the check succeeds, multiply your check result by the DC. If the result × the DC equals the price of the item in sp, then you have completed the item. (If the result × the DC equals double or triple the price of the item in silver pieces, then you've completed the task in one-half or one-third of the time. Other multiples of the DC reduce the time in the same manner.) If the result × the DC doesn't equal the price, then it represents the progress you've made this week. Record the result and make a new Craft check for the next week. Each week, you make more progress until your total reaches the price of the item in silver pieces.

If you fail a check by 4 or less, you make no progress this week.

If you fail by 5 or more, you ruin half the raw materials and have to pay half the original raw material cost again.

Creating Masterwork Items: You can make a masterwork item—a weapon, suit of armor, shield, or tool that conveys a bonus on its use through its exceptional craftsmanship, not through being magical. To create a masterwork item, you create the masterwork component as if it were a separate item in addition to the standard item. The masterwork component has its own price (300 gp for a weapon or 150 gp for a suit of armor or a shield) and a Craft DC of 20. Once both the standard component and the masterwork component are completed, the masterwork item is finished. Note: The cost you pay for the masterwork component is one-third of the given amount, just as it is for the cost in raw materials.

Repairing Items: Generally, you can repair an item by making checks against the same DC that it took to make the item in the first place. The cost of repairing an item is one-fifth of the item's price.

When you use the Craft skill to make a particular sort of item, the DC for checks involving the creation of that item are typically as given on the following table.

ItemCraft SkillCraft DC
AcidAlchemy115
Alchemist's fire, smokestick, or tindertwigAlchemy120
Antitoxin, sunrod, tanglefoot bag, or thunderstoneAlchemy125
Augmented alchemical substanceAlchemy1+20 or more
Armor or shieldArmorsmithing10 + AC bonus
Longbow or shortbowBowmaking12
Composite bowBowmaking15
Composite bow with high strength ratingBowmaking15 + (2 × rating)
CrossbowWeaponsmithing15
Simple melee or thrown weaponWeaponsmithing12
Martial melee or thrown weaponWeaponsmithing15
Exotic melee or thrown weaponWeaponsmithing18
Mechanical trapTrapmakingVaries2
Very simple item (wooden spoon)Varies5
Typical item (iron pot)Varies10
High-quality item (bell)Varies15
Complex or superior item (lock)Varies20

1 You must be a spellcaster to craft any of these items.

2 Traps have their own rules for construction.

Create Augmented Alchemical Item or Substance: This requires the Augmented Alchemy feat, and allows a character to create alchemical items and substances of greater power than normal. To augment an alchemical substance, add +20 to the DC required to create the item and multiply the cost by 5. If the item or substance deals damage, double the damage dealt. If the item or substance doesn't deal damage, double the duration of its effect. If the item or substance doesn't deal damage and doesn't have a specific listed duration (or has an instantaneous duration), double all dimensions of its area. If the item or substance doesn't fit any of these categories, then it cannot be improved in this manner. A character can create an item with multiple degrees of augmentation. For every additional multiplier applied to damage, duration, or area, add an additional +20 to the DC and add an additional 5 to the cost multiplier.

ItemEffect of Augmenting
AcidDirect hit 2d6, splash 2
Alchemist's fireDirect hit 2d6, splash 2
AntitoxinDuration 2 hours
SmokestickSmoke fills a 20-foot cube
SunrodGlows for 12 hours
Tanglefoot bagBecomes brittle and fragile after 20 minutes
TindertwigNo effect

Action: Does not apply. Craft checks are made by the day or week (see above).

Try Again: Yes, but each time you miss by 5 or more, you ruin half the raw materials and have to pay half the original raw material cost again.

Special: A dwarf has a +2 racial bonus on Craft checks that are related to stone or metal, because dwarves are especially capable with stonework and metalwork.

You may voluntarily add +10 to the indicated DC to craft an item. This allows you to create the item more quickly (since you'll be multiplying this higher DC by your Craft check result to determine progress). You must decide whether to increase the DC before you make each weekly or daily check.

To make an item using Craft (alchemy), you must have alchemical equipment and be a spellcaster. If you are working in a city, you can buy what you need as part of the raw materials cost to make the item, but alchemical equipment is difficult or impossible to come by in some places. Purchasing and maintaining an alchemist's lab grants a +2 circumstance bonus on Craft (alchemy) checks because you have the perfect tools for the job, but it does not affect the cost of any items made using the skill.

Restriction: Illiterate characters may not make Craft (calligraphy) checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 ranks in a Craft skill, you get a +2 bonus on Appraise checks related to items made with that Craft skill.

Decipher Script (Int; Trained Only)

The Sanscrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either; yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and in the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident…
–Sir William Jones

Check: You can decipher writing in an unfamiliar language or a message written in an incomplete or archaic form. The base DC is 20 for the simplest messages, 25 for standard texts, and 30 or higher for intricate, exotic, or very old writing.

If the check succeeds, you understand the general content of a piece of writing about one page long (or the equivalent). If the check fails, make a DC 5 Wisdom check to see if you avoid drawing a false conclusion about the text. (Success means that you do not draw a false conclusion; failure means that you do.)

Both the Decipher Script check and (if necessary) the Wisdom check are made secretly, so that you can't tell whether the conclusion you draw is true or false.

Decipher a written spell: You can decipher a spell, such as a scroll, without using read magic with a DC of 50 + 5 × spell level. One try per day.

Action: Deciphering the equivalent of a single page of script takes 5 minutes (fifty consecutive full-round actions).

Try Again: No.

Special: A character with the Diligent feat gets a +2 bonus on Decipher Script checks.

Restriction: Illiterate characters may not make Decipher Script checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Decipher Script, you get a +2 bonus on Use Magic Device checks involving scrolls.

Diplomacy (Cha)

Let arms give place to the robe, and the laurel of the warriors yield to the tongue of the orator.
–Cicero

Check: You can change the attitudes of others (nonplayer characters) with a successful Diplomacy check; see the Influencing NPC Attitudes sidebar, below, for basic DCs. In negotiations, participants roll opposed Diplomacy checks, and the winner gains the advantage. Opposed checks also resolve situations when two advocates or diplomats plead opposite cases in a hearing before a third party.

Action: Changing others' attitudes with Diplomacy generally takes at least 1 full minute (10 consecutive full-round actions). In some situations, this time requirement may greatly increase. A rushed Diplomacy check can be made as a full-round action, but you take a −10 penalty on the check.

Try Again: Optional, but not recommended because retries usually do not work. Even if the initial Diplomacy check succeeds, the other character can be persuaded only so far, and a retry may do more harm than good. If the initial check fails, the other character has probably become more firmly committed to his position, and a retry is futile.

Special: A half-elf has a +2 racial bonus on Diplomacy checks.

If you have the Negotiator feat, you get a +2 bonus on Diplomacy checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Bluff, Knowledge (nobility and royalty), or Sense Motive, you get a +2 bonus on Diplomacy checks.

Influencing NPC Attitudes

Use the table below to determine the effectiveness of Diplomacy checks (or Charisma checks) made to influence the attitude of a nonplayer character, or wild empathy checks made to influence the attitude of an animal or magical beast.

Initial Attitude—————New Attitude—————
HosUnfIndifFriendHelpFanatic
Hostile< 2020253550150
Unfriendly< 55152540120
Indifferent-< 11153090
Friendly--< 112060
Helpful---< 1150

Hos: hostile. Unf: unfriendly. Indif: indifferent. Friend: friendly. Help: helpful.

Fanatic: In addition to the obvious effects, any NPC whose attitude is fanatic gains a +2 morale bonus to Strength and Constitution scores, a +1 morale bonus on Will saves, and a −1 penalty to AC whenever fighting for the character or his or her cause. This attitude will remain for one day plus one day per point of the character's Charisma bonus, at which point the NPC's attitude will revert to its original attitude (or indifferent, if no attitude is specified).

Treat the fanatic attitude as a mind-affecting enchantment effect for purposes of immunity, save bonuses, or being detected by the Sense Motive skill. Since it is nonmagical, it can't be dispelled; however, any effect that suppresses or counters mind-affecting effects will affect it normally. A fanatic NPC's attitude can't be further adjusted by the use of skills.

AttitudeMeansPossible Actions
HostileWill take risks to hurt youAttack, interfere, berate, flee
UnfriendlyWishes you illMislead, gossip, avoid, watch suspiciously, insult
IndifferentDoesn't much careSocially expected interaction
FriendlyWishes you wellChat, advise, offer limited help, advocate
HelpfulWill take risks to help youProtect, back up, heal, aid
FanaticWill give life to serve youFight to the death against overwhelming odds, throw self in front of onrushing dragon

Disable Device (Int; Trained Only)

Check: The Disable Device check is made secretly, so that you don't necessarily know whether you've succeeded.

The DC depends on how tricky the device is. Disabling (or rigging or jamming) a fairly simple device has a DC of 10; more intricate and complex devices have higher DCs.

If the check succeeds, you disable the device. If it fails by 4 or less, you have failed but can try again. If you fail by 5 or more, something goes wrong. If the device is a trap, you spring it. If you're attempting some sort of sabotage, you think the device is disabled, but it still works normally.

You also can rig simple devices such as saddles or wagon wheels to work normally for a while and then fail or fall off some time later (usually after 1d4 rounds or minutes of use).

DeviceTimeDC*Example
Simple1 round10Jam a lock
Tricky1d4 rounds15Sabotage a wagon wheel
Difficult2d4 rounds20Disarm a trap, reset a trap
Wicked2d4 rounds25Disarm a complex trap, cleverly sabotage a clockwork device

* If you attempt to leave behind no trace of your tampering, add 5 to the DC.

Action: The amount of time needed to make a Disable Device check depends on the task, as noted above. Disabling a simple device takes 1 round and is a full-round action. An intricate or complex device requires 1d4 or 2d4 rounds.

Reduce toDC Modifier
1 round+20
Move-equivalent action+50
Free action+100

Try Again: Varies. You can retry if you have missed the check by 4 or less, though you must be aware that you have failed in order to try again.

Special: If you have the Nimble Fingers feat, you get a +2 bonus on Disable Device checks.

A rogue who beats a trap's DC by 10 or more can study the trap, figure out how it works, and bypass it (along with her companions) without disarming it.

Restriction: Rogues (and other characters with the trapfinding class feature) can disarm magic traps. A magic trap generally has a DC of 25 + the spell level of the magic used to create it.

Fire trap, glyph of warding, teleportation circle, and the various symbol spells also create traps that a rogue can disarm with a successful Disable Device check. Spike growth and spike stones, however, create magic traps against which Disable Device checks do not function. See the individual spell descriptions for details.

Other Ways To Beat A Trap

It's possible to ruin many traps without making a Disable Device check.

Ranged Attack Traps: Once a trap's location is known, the obvious way to ruin it is to smash the mechanism-assuming the mechanism can be accessed. Failing that, it's possible to plug up the holes from which the projectiles emerge. Doing this prevents the trap from firing unless its ammunition does enough damage to break through the plugs.

Melee Attack Traps: These devices can be thwarted by smashing the mechanism or blocking the weapons, as noted above. Alternatively, if a character studies the trap as it triggers, he might be able to time his dodges just right to avoid damage. A character who is doing nothing but studying a trap when it first goes off gains a +4 dodge bonus against its attacks if it is triggered again within the next minute.

Pits: Disabling a pit trap generally ruins only the trapdoor, making it an uncovered pit. Filling in the pit or building a makeshift bridge across it is an application of manual labor, not the Disable Device skill. Characters could neutralize any spikes at the bottom of a pit by attacking them-they break just as daggers do.

Magic Traps: Dispel magic helps here. Someone who succeeds on a caster level check against the level of the trap's creator suppresses the trap for 1d4 rounds. This works only with a targeted dispel magic, not the area version (see the spell description).

Disguise (Cha)

The Mouser was not a pretty sight, his face covered with cunningly blended grease and gray ashes, studded with hideous warts of putty, and half covered with wispy gray hair straggling down from the dried scalp of a real witch—so Laavyan the wig-seller had averred—that covered his pate.
–Fritz Leiber

Check: Your Disguise check result determines how good the disguise is, and it is opposed by others' Spot check results. If you don't draw any attention to yourself, others do not get to make Spot checks. If you come to the attention of people who are suspicious (such as a guard who is watching commoners walking through a city gate), it can be assumed that such observers are taking 10 on their Spot checks.

You get only one Disguise check per use of the skill, even if several people are making Spot checks against it. The Disguise check is made secretly, so that you can't be sure how good the result is.

The effectiveness of your disguise depends in part on how much you're attempting to change your appearance.

DisguiseModifier
Minor details only+5
Disguised as different gender*−2
Disguised as different race*−5
Disguised as different age category*−2†

* These modifiers are cumulative; use any that apply.

† Per step of difference between your actual age category and your disguised age category. The steps are: young (younger than adulthood), adulthood, middle age, old, and venerable.

DisguiseModifier
Change height and/or weight 0% to 10%0
Change height and/or weight 11% to 25%−25*
Change height and/or weight 26% to 50%−50*

* Can be negated by any effect that can duplicate a height and/or weight change of this degree.

If you are impersonating a particular individual, those who know what that person looks like get a bonus on their Spot checks according to the table below. Furthermore, they are automatically considered to be suspicious of you, so opposed checks are always called for.

FamiliarityViewer's Spot Check Bonus
Recognizes on sight+4
Friends or associates+6
Close friends+8
Intimate+10

Usually, an individual makes a Spot check to see through your disguise immediately upon meeting you and each hour thereafter. If you casually meet many different creatures, each for a short time, check once per day or hour, using an average Spot modifier for the group.

Action: Creating a disguise requires 1d3×10 minutes of work.

Try Again: Yes. You may try to redo a failed disguise, but once others know that a disguise was attempted, they'll be more suspicious.

Special: Magic that alters your form, such as alter self, disguise self, polymorph, or shapechange, grants you a +10 bonus on Disguise checks (see the individual spell descriptions). You must succeed on a Disguise check with a +10 bonus to duplicate the appearance of a specific individual using the veil spell. Divination magic that allows people to see through illusions (such as true seeing) does not penetrate a mundane disguise, but it can negate the magical component of a magically enhanced one.

You must make a Disguise check when you cast a simulacrum spell to determine how good the likeness is.

If you have the Deceptive feat, you get a +2 bonus on Disguise checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Bluff, you get a +2 bonus on Disguise checks when you know that you're being observed and you try to act in character.

Escape Artist (Dex; Armor Check Penalty)

His hideous tail then hurled he about,
And therewith all enwrapped the nimble thighs
Of his froth-foamy steed, whose proud courage,
Striving to loose the knot that fast him ties,
Himself in tighter bonds too rash entangles.
–Edmund Spenser (British, 16th century)

Check: The table below gives the DCs to escape various forms of restraints.

Ropes: Your Escape Artist check is opposed by the binder's Use Rope check. Since it's easier to tie someone up than to escape from being tied up, the binder gets a +10 bonus on his or her check.

Manacles and Masterwork Manacles: The DC for manacles is set by their construction.

Tight Space: The DC noted on the table is for getting through a space where your head fits but your shoulders don't. If the space is long you may need to make multiple checks. You can't get through a space that your head does not fit through.

Extremely Tight Space: This is the DC for getting through a space when one's head shouldn't even be able to fit; this can be as small as 2 inches square for Medium-size creatures. Halve this limit for each size category less than Medium-size; double it for each size category greater than Medium. If the space is long, such as in a chimney, multiple checks may be called for.

Pass through wall of force: This allows a character to find a gap of weakness in a wall of force (or similar force effect) and squeeze through it.

Grappler: You can make an Escape Artist check opposed by your enemy's grapple check to get out of a grapple or out of a pinned condition (so that you're only grappling).

RestraintDC
Ropes Binder'sUse Rope check at +10
Net, animate rope, command plants, control plants, or entangle20
Snare23
Manacles30
Tight space30
Masterwork manacles35
Extremely tight space80
Pass through wall of force120
GrapplerGrappler's grapple check result

Action: Making an Escape Artist check to escape from rope bindings, manacles, or other restraints (except a grappler) requires 1 minute of work. Escaping from a net or an animate rope, command plants, control plants, or entangle spell is a full-round action. Escaping from a grapple or pin is a standard action. Squeezing through a tight space takes at least 1 minute, maybe longer, depending on how long the space is.

Try Again: Varies. You can make another check after a failed check if you're squeezing your way through a tight space, making multiple checks. If the situation permits, you can make additional checks, or even take 20, as long as you're not being actively opposed.

Special: If you have the Agile feat, you get a +2 bonus on Escape Artist checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Escape Artist, you get a +2 bonus on Use Rope checks to bind someone.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Use Rope, you get a +2 bonus on Escape Artist checks when escaping from rope bonds.

Forgery (Int)

Make money, money by fair means if you can, if not, but any means money.
–Horace

Check: Forgery requires writing materials appropriate to the document being forged, enough light or sufficient visual acuity to see the details of what you're writing, wax for seals (if appropriate), and some time. To forge a document on which the handwriting is not specific to a person (military orders, a government decree, a business ledger, or the like), you need only to have seen a similar document before, and you gain a +8 bonus on your check. To forge a signature, you need an autograph of that person to copy, and you gain a +4 bonus on the check. To forge a longer document written in the hand of some particular person, a large sample of that person's handwriting is needed.

The Forgery check is made secretly, so that you're not sure how good your forgery is. As with Disguise, you don't even need to make a check until someone examines the work. Your Forgery check is opposed by the Forgery check of the person who examines the document to check its authenticity. The examiner gains modifiers on his or her check if any of the conditions on the table below exist.

ConditionReader's Forgery Check Modifier
Type of document unknown to reader−2
Type of document somewhat known to reader+0
Type of document well known to reader+2
Handwriting not known to reader−2
Handwriting somewhat known to reader+0
Handwriting intimately known to reader+2
Reader only casually reviews the document−2
Forge document without sample+50

Forge Document without Sample: The character can forge a document without having seen a similar document or having a sample of the handwriting to be copied.

A document that contradicts procedure, orders, or previous knowledge, or one that requires sacrifice on the part of the person checking the document can increase that character's suspicion (and thus create favorable circumstances for the checker's opposing Forgery check).

Action: Forging a very short and simple document takes about 1 minute. A longer or more complex document takes 1d4 minutes per page.

Try Again: Usually, no. A retry is never possible after a particular reader detects a particular forgery. But the document created by the forger might still fool someone else. The result of a Forgery check for a particular document must be used for every instance of a different reader examining the document. No reader can attempt to detect a particular forgery more than once; if that one opposed check goes in favor of the forger, then the reader can't try using his own skill again, even if he's suspicious about the document.

Special: If you have the Deceitful feat, you get a +2 bonus on Forgery checks.

Restriction: Forgery is language-dependent; thus, to forge documents and detect forgeries, you must be able to read and write the language in question. Illiterate characters, and characters not familiar with the language of the document, suffer a −20 penalty on Forgery checks.

Gather Information (Cha)

Check: An evening's time, a few gold pieces for buying drinks and making friends, and a DC 10 Gather Information check get you a general idea of a city's major news items, assuming there are no obvious reasons why the information would be withheld. The higher your check result, the better the information.

If you want to find out about a specific rumor, or a specific item, or obtain a map, or do something else along those lines, the DC for the check is 15 to 25, or even higher.

Avoid Suspicion: By accepting a −20 penalty on his or her Gather Information check, a character can avoid any suspicions that might otherwise be aroused by someone pursuing sensitive information.

Action: A typical Gather Information check takes 1d4+1 hours.

Try Again: Yes, but it takes time for each check. Furthermore, you may draw attention to yourself if you repeatedly pursue a certain type of information.

Special: A half-elf has a +2 racial bonus on Gather Information checks.

If you have the Investigator feat, you get a +2 bonus on Gather Information checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (local), you get a +2 bonus on Gather Information checks.

Handle Animal (Cha; Trained Only)

And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
–Genesis (Hebrew, c. 8th century BC)

Check: The DC depends on what you are trying to do.

TaskTimeDC
Handle an animalMove action10
"Push" an animalFull-round action25
Teach an animal a trick1 week15 or 20*
Train an animalVaries15 or 20*
Rear a wild animalVaries15 + HD of animal
Rear magical beast1 year30 + HD of magical beast
Train magical beast2 months40 + HD of magical beast
Rear vermin6 months35 + HD of vermin
Train vermin2 months50 + HD of vermin
Rear other creatureVaries40 + HD of creature
Train other creature2 months60 + HD of creature

* See the specific trick or purpose below.

General PurposeDCGeneral PurposeDC
Combat riding20Hunting20
Fighting20Performance15
Guarding20Riding15
Heavy labor15

Handle an Animal: This task involves commanding an animal to perform a task or trick that it knows. If the animal is wounded or has taken any subdual damage or ability score damage, the DC increases by 2. If your check succeeds, the animal performs the task or trick on its next action.

"Push" an Animal: To push an animal means to get it to perform a task or trick that it doesn't know but is physically capable of performing. This category also covers making an animal perform a forced march or forcing it to hustle for more than 1 hour between sleep cycles. If the animal is wounded or has taken any subdual damage or ability score damage, the DC increases by 2. If your check succeeds, the animal performs the task or trick on its next action.

Teach an Animal a Trick: You can teach an animal a specific trick with one week of work and a successful Handle Animal check against the indicated DC. An animal with an Intelligence score of 1 can learn a maximum of three tricks, while an animal with an Intelligence score of 2 can learn a maximum of six tricks. Possible tricks (and their associated DCs) include, but are not necessarily limited to, the following.

Attack (DC 20): The animal attacks apparent enemies. You may point to a particular creature that you wish the animal to attack, and it will comply if able. Normally, an animal will attack only humanoids, monstrous humanoids, giants, or other animals. Teaching an animal to attack all creatures (including such unnatural creatures as undead and aberrations) counts as two tricks.

Come (DC 15): The animal comes to you, even if it normally would not do so.

Defend (DC 20): The animal defends you (or is ready to defend you if no threat is present), even without any command being given. Alternatively, you can command the animal to defend a specific other character.

Down (DC 15): The animal breaks off from combat or otherwise backs down. An animal that doesn't know this trick continues to fight until it must flee (due to injury, a fear effect, or the like) or its opponent is defeated.

Fetch (DC 15): The animal goes and gets something. If you do not point out a specific item, the animal fetches some random object.

Guard (DC 20): The animal stays in place and prevents others from approaching.

Heel (DC 15): The animal follows you closely, even to places where it normally wouldn't go.

Perform (DC 15): The animal performs a variety of simple tricks, such as sitting up, rolling over, roaring or barking, and so on.

Seek (DC 15): The animal moves into an area and looks around for anything that is obviously alive or animate.

Stay (DC 15): The animal stays in place, waiting for you to return. It does not challenge other creatures that come by,

though it still defends itself if it needs to.

Track (DC 20): The animal tracks the scent presented to it. (This requires the animal to have the scent ability)

Work (DC 15): The animal pulls or pushes a medium or heavy load.

Train an Animal for a Purpose: Rather than teaching an animal individual tricks, you can simply train it for a general purpose. Essentially, an animal's purpose represents a preselected set of known tricks that fit into a common scheme, such as guarding or heavy labor. The animal must meet all the normal prerequisites for all tricks included in the training package. If the package includes more than three tricks, the animal must have an Intelligence score of 2.

An animal can be trained for only one general purpose, though if the creature is capable of learning additional tricks (above and beyond those included in its general purpose), it may do so. Training an animal for a purpose requires fewer checks than teaching individual tricks does, but no less time.

Combat Riding (DC 20): An animal trained to bear a rider into combat knows the tricks attack, come, defend, down, guard, and heel. Training an animal for combat riding takes six weeks. You may also "upgrade" an animal trained for riding to one trained for combat riding by spending three weeks and making a successful DC 20 Handle Animal check. The new general purpose and tricks completely replace the animal's previous purpose and any tricks it once knew. Warhorses and riding dogs are already trained to bear riders into combat, and they don't require any additional training for this purpose.

Fighting (DC 20): An animal trained to engage in combat knows the tricks attack, down, and stay. Training an animal for fighting takes three weeks.

Guarding (DC 20): An animal trained to guard knows the tricks attack, defend, down, and guard. Training an animal for guarding takes four weeks.

Heavy Labor (DC 15): An animal trained for heavy labor knows the tricks come and work. Training an animal for heavy labor takes two weeks.

Hunting (DC 20): An animal trained for hunting knows the tricks attack, down, fetch, heel, seek, and track. Training an animal for hunting takes six weeks.

Performance (DC 15): An animal trained for performance knows the tricks come, fetch, heel, perform, and stay. Training an animal for performance takes five weeks.

Riding (DC 15): An animal trained to bear a rider knows the tricks come, heel, and stay. Training an animal for riding takes three weeks.

Rear a Wild Animal: To rear an animal means to raise a wild creature from infancy so that it becomes domesticated. A handler can rear as many as three creatures of the same kind at once.

A successfully domesticated animal can be taught tricks at the same time it's being raised, or it can be taught as a domesticated animal later.

Action: Varies. Handling an animal is a move action, while pushing an animal is a full-round action. (A druid or ranger can handle her animal companion as a free action or push it as a move action.) For tasks with specific time frames noted above, you must spend half this time (at the rate of 3 hours per day per animal being handled) working toward completion of the task before you attempt the Handle Animal check. If the check fails, your attempt to teach, rear, or train the animal fails and you need not complete the teaching, rearing, or training time. If the check succeeds, you must invest the remainder of the time to complete the teaching, rearing, or training. If the time is interrupted or the task is not followed through to completion, the attempt to teach, rear, or train the animal automatically fails.

Reduce Teaching/Training to…DC
1 month+25
1 day+50
1 hour+75
1 minute+100

Reduce Teaching/Training: Normally, teaching or training a creature requires two months of time. A character can accelerate the process of teaching or training a creature, reducing the time required to the listed time, by adding the DC modifier to the base DC for teaching or training the creature. A character can't reduce the required time to less than 1 minute.

Try Again: Yes, except for rearing an animal.

Special: You can use this skill on a creature with an Intelligence score of 1 or 2 that is not an animal, but the DC of any such check increases by 5. Such creatures have the same limit on tricks known as animals do.

A druid or ranger gains a +4 circumstance bonus on Handle Animal checks involving her animal companion.

In addition, a druid's or ranger's animal companion knows one or more bonus tricks, which don't count against the normal limit on tricks known and don't require any training time or Handle Animal checks to teach.

If you have the Animal Affinity feat, you get a +2 bonus on Handle Animal checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Handle Animal, you get a +2 bonus on Ride checks and wild empathy checks.

Untrained: If you have no ranks in Handle Animal, you can use a Charisma check to handle and push domestic animals, but you can't teach, rear, or train animals. A druid or ranger with no ranks in Handle Animal can use a Charisma check to handle and push her animal companion, but she can't teach, rear, or train other nondomestic animals.

Heal (Wis)

I also saw the kingdom without light, and bathed my lacerated body in Phlegethon's waves: there I would be still, if Apollo's son Asclepius had not restored me to life with his powerful cures.
–Ovid

Check: The DC and effect depend on the task you attempt.

TaskDC
First aid15
Long-term care15
Treat wound from caltrop, spike growth, or spike stones15
Treat poisonPoison's save DC
Treat diseaseDisease's save DC
Snatch soul (first round)20 + Hit Dice
Snatch soul (second round)25 + Hit Dice
Snatch soul (third round)30 + 2 × Hit Dice
Quicken recovery50
Perfect recovery100

First Aid: You usually use first aid to save a dying character. If a character has negative hit points and is losing hit points (at the rate of 1 per round, 1 per hour, or 1 per day), you can make him or her stable. A stable character regains no hit points but stops losing them.

Long-Term Care: Providing long-term care means treating a wounded person for a day or more. If your Heal check is successful, the patient recovers hit points or ability score points (lost to ability damage) at twice the normal rate: 2 hit points per level for a full 8 hours of rest in a day, or 4 hit points per level for each full day of complete rest; 2 ability score points for a full 8 hours of rest in a day, or 4 ability score points for each full day of complete rest.

You can tend as many as six patients at a time. You need a few items and supplies (bandages, salves, and so on) that are easy to come by in settled lands. Giving long-term care counts as light activity for the healer. You cannot give long-term care to yourself.

Treat Wound from caltrop, spike growth, or spike stones: A creature wounded by stepping on a caltrop moves at one-half normal speed. A successful Heal check removes this movement penalty. A creature wounded by a spike growth or spike stones spell must succeed on a Reflex save or take injuries that reduce his speed by one-third. Another character can remove this penalty by taking 10 minutes to dress the victim's injuries and succeeding on a Heal check against the spell's save DC.

Treat Poison: To treat poison means to tend a single character who has been poisoned and who is going to take more damage from the poison (or suffer some other effect). Every time the poisoned character makes a saving throw against the poison, you make a Heal check. The poisoned character uses your check result or his or her saving throw, whichever is higher.

Treat Disease: To treat a disease means to tend a single diseased character. Every time he or she makes a saving throw against disease effects, you make a Heal check. The diseased character uses your check result or his or her saving throw, whichever is higher.

Quicken Recovery: You can allow a character to regain hit points in a single hour as if he or she had provided long-term care for a full day (2 or 3 hit points per level, based on activity). The character can quicken the recovery of up to six patients at a time. No character's recovery can be quickened more than once per day (even by different healers).

Snatch Soul: You can return the soul of a deceased creature to its body, provided that the body is healed to at least −9 hit points. Each attempt takes a full-round action which provokes an attack of opportunity. If the soul is unwilling a grapple check is required; you take a −10 penalty and the soul uses its Charisma modifier in place of Strength or Dexterity. After three rounds the soul departs for the outer planes, making further checks impossible.

Perfect Recovery: You can allow a character to regain hit points in a single hour as if he or she had provided long-term care for a full week (2 or 3 hit points per level per day, based on activity). The character can use perfect recovery on up to six patients at a time. No character's recovery can be perfected more than once per day, nor can perfect recovery and quicken recovery both be used on the same patient in the same day (even by different healers).

Assess Condition
TaskDC
Base DC10
Humanoid, giant+0
Animal, native outsider, vermin+3
Monstrous humanoid, plant+5
Dragon, magical beast, outsider+10
Construct, fey, undead+12
Aberration, elemental, ooze+15
Assess multiple creatures+3 per additional creature

Assess Condition: You can guess how injured creatures at a glance, allowing you to triage the worst-wounded. A check may be attempted once per round and takes a free action (taking a standard action gives +10 on the check). The result, if successful, is one of "uninjured", "lightly wounded", "heavily wounded", "severely wounded", or "dead". If you beat the DC by 10 you may gain additional information. If you beat the DC by 20 you learn the hit point total. Note that ad-hoc DC adjustments to this use of the skill are common.

Action: Providing first aid, treating a wound, or treating poison is a standard action. Treating a disease or tending a creature wounded by a spike growth or spike stones spell takes 10 minutes of work. Providing long-term care requires 8 hours of light activity.

Try Again: Varies. Generally speaking, you can't try a Heal check again without proof of the original check's failure. You can always retry a check to provide first aid, assuming the target of the previous attempt is still alive.

Special: A character with the Self-Sufficient feat gets a +2 bonus on Heal checks.

A healer's kit gives you a +2 circumstance bonus on Heal checks.

Hide (Dex; Armor Check Penalty)

When lo a darksome cloud
Upon him fell: he nowhere does appear,
But vanished is. The Elf him calls aloud,
But answer none receives: the darkness him does shroud.
–Edmund Spenser (British, 16th century)

Check: Your Hide check is opposed by the Spot check of anyone who might see you. You can move up to one-half your normal speed and hide at no penalty. When moving at a speed greater than one-half but less than your normal speed, you take a −5 penalty. It's practically impossible (-20 penalty) to hide while attacking, running or charging.

A creature larger or smaller than Medium takes a size bonus or penalty on Hide checks depending on its size category: Fine +16, Diminutive +12, Tiny +8, Small +4, Large −4, Huge −8, Gargantuan −12, Colossal −16.

You need cover or concealment in order to attempt a Hide check. Total cover or total concealment usually (but not always; see Special, below) obviates the need for a Hide check, since nothing can see you anyway.

If people are observing you, even casually, you can't hide. You can run around a corner or behind cover so that you're out of sight and then hide, but the others then know at least where you went.

If your observers are momentarily distracted (such as by a Bluff check; see below), though, you can attempt to hide. While the others turn their attention from you, you can attempt a Hide check if you can get to a hiding place of some kind. (As a general guideline, the hiding place has to be within 1 foot per rank you have in Hide.) This check, however, is made at a −10 penalty because you have to move fast.

Hide Another: By accepting a −30 penalty on his or her Hide check, a character can hide another adjacent creature whose size is no more than one category larger than the character's own. Modifiers to the check for the size of the creature still apply, as do all other penalties, including those for moving faster than half speed. Likewise, a character can only hide another creature when it is not under direct observation by a third party. The creature the character hides remains hidden until it is spotted or it takes some other action that breaks its concealment, as normal.

Sniping: If you've already successfully hidden at least 10 feet from your target, you can make one ranged attack, then immediately hide again. You take a−20 penalty on your Hide check to conceal yourself after the shot.

Creating a Diversion to Hide: You can use Bluff to help you hide. A successful Bluff check can give you the momentary diversion you need to attempt a Hide check while people are aware of you.

Action: Usually none. Normally, you make a Hide check as part of movement, so it doesn't take a separate action. However, hiding immediately after a ranged attack (see Sniping, above) is a move action.

Special: If you are invisible, you gain a +40 bonus on Hide checks if you are immobile, or a +20 bonus on Hide checks if you're moving.

If you have the Stealthy feat, you get a +2 bonus on Hide checks.

A 13th-level ranger can attempt a Hide check in any sort of natural terrain, even if it doesn't grant cover or concealment. A 17th-level ranger can do this even while being observed.

Intimidate (Cha)

Let them hate, so long as they fear.
–Lucius Accius

Check: You can change another's behavior with a successful check. Your Intimidate check is opposed by the target's modified level check (1d20 + character level or Hit Dice + target's modifiers on saves against fear). The character must be able to interact with the other creature for a full round, doing nothing else.

If they do not share a language, a character can only make the creature flee or cower; if they have a common language, you can have them perform any simple action: flee, cower, drop a weapon, advise, offer limited help, or advocate on your behalf. Characters can attempt to intimidate more than one creature in a single attempt, but the DC increases by the HD of each additional creature (and any circumstance modifiers the DM assigns).

Basically, Intimidate can get a character to do something he would not normally do. This change in behavior lasts for 1 round. Subsequent Intimidate checks after one success have a +2 circumstance bonus, and the change in behavior lasts up to 10 rounds following later checks.

If you fail the check by 5 or more, the target provides you with incorrect or useless information, or otherwise frustrates your efforts.

Demoralize Opponent: You can also use Intimidate to weaken an opponent's resolve in combat. To do so, make an Intimidate check opposed by the target's modified level check (see above). If you win, the target becomes shaken for 1 round. A shaken character takes a−2 penalty on attack rolls, ability checks, and saving throws. You can intimidate only an opponent that you threaten in melee combat and that can see you.

Intimidating SituationModifier
Intimidating character is larger than target+2
Intimidating character is smaller than target−5
Target is below half its hit points+2
Target is superior to intimidating creature−10
Intimidating creature is superior to target+2
Target could easily escape if it wished−5
Target could not escape (bound or trapped)+2
Target is easily cowed+2
Target has firm resolve−1 to −10
Change in behavior is antithetical to target−1 to −20

Action: Varies. Changing another's behavior requires 1 minute of interaction. Demoralizing an opponent is a standard action.

Try Again: Retries only work if previous attempts were successful. If the initial check failed, the other character has become more firmly resolved to resist the intimidator, and a retry is futile.

Special: A character immune to fear can't be intimidated, nor can nonintelligent creatures.

The DC to intimidate any creature whose attitude is fanatic is increased by +20.

If you have the Persuasive feat, you get a +2 bonus on Intimidate checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Bluff, you get a +2 bonus on Intimidate checks.

Jump (Str; Armor Check Penalty)

The wall is high, and yet will I leap down.
Good ground, be pitiful and hurt me not!
–William Shakespeare (British, 16th century)

Check: The DC and the distance you can cover vary according to the type of jump you are attempting (see below).

Your Jump check is modified by your speed. If your speed is 30 feet then no modifier based on speed applies to the check. If your speed is less than 30 feet, you take a −6 penalty for every 10 feet of speed less than 30 feet. If your speed is greater than 30 feet, you gain a +4 bonus for every 10 feet beyond 30 feet.

All Jump DCs given here assume that you get a running start, which requires that you move at least 20 feet in a straight line before attempting the jump. If you do not get a running start, the DC for the jump is doubled.

Distance moved by jumping is counted against your normal maximum movement in a round.

If you have ranks in Jump and you succeed on a Jump check, you land on your feet (when appropriate). If you attempt a Jump check untrained, you land prone unless you beat the DC by 5 or more.

Long Jump: A long jump is a horizontal jump, made across a gap like a chasm or stream. At the midpoint of the jump, you attain a vertical height equal to one-quarter of the horizontal distance. The DC for the jump is equal to the distance jumped (in feet).

If your check succeeds, you land on your feet at the far end. If you fail the check by less than 5, you don't clear the distance, but you can make a DC 15 Reflex save to grab the far edge of the gap. You end your movement grasping the far edge. If that leaves you dangling over a chasm or gap, getting up requires a move action and a DC 15 Climb check.

Long Jump DistanceDC*
5 feet5
10 feet10
15 feet15
20 feet20
25 feet25
30 feet30

* Requires a 20-foot running start. Without a running start, double the DC.

High Jump: A high jump is a vertical leap made to reach a ledge high above or to grasp something overhead. The DC is equal to 4 times the distance to be cleared.

If you jumped up to grab something, a successful check indicates that you reached the desired height. If you wish to pull yourself up, you can do so with a move action and a DC 15 Climb check. If you fail the Jump check, you do not reach the height, and you land on your feet in the same spot from which you jumped. As with a long jump, the DC is doubled if you do not get a running start of at least 20 feet.

High Jump Distance*DC†
1 foot4
2 feet8
3 feet12
4 feet16
5 feet20
6 feet24
7 feet28
8 feet32

* Not including vertical reach; see below.

† Requires a 20-foot running start. Without a running start, double the DC.

Obviously, the difficulty of reaching a given height varies according to the size of the character or creature. The maximum vertical reach (height the creature can reach without jumping) for an average creature of a given size is shown on the table below. (As a Medium creature, a typical human can reach 8 feet without jumping.)

Quadrupedal creatures don't have the same vertical reach as a bipedal creature; treat them as being one size category smaller.

Creature SizeVertical Reach
Colossal128 ft.
Gargantuan64 ft.
Huge32 ft.
Large16 ft.
Medium8 ft.
Small4 ft.
Tiny2 ft.
Diminutive1 ft.
Fine1/2 ft.

Hop Up: You can jump up onto an object as tall as your waist, such as a table or small boulder, with a DC 10 Jump check. Doing so counts as 10 feet of movement, so if your speed is 30 feet, you could move 20 feet, then hop up onto a counter. You do not need to get a running start to hop up, so the DC is not doubled if you do not get a running start.

Jumping Down: If you intentionally jump from a height, you take less damage than you would if you just fell. The DC to jump down from a height is 15. You do not have to get a running start to jump down, so the DC is not doubled if you do not get a running start.

If you succeed on the check, you take falling damage as if you had dropped 10 fewer feet than you actually did.

Stand Defensively: As a standard action, you can attempt to stand defensively. A DC 5 Jump check allows you to avoid the attack of opportunity when standing from prone.

Action: None. A Jump check is included in your movement, so it is part of a move action. If you run out of movement mid-jump, your next action (either on this turn or, if necessary, on your next turn) must be a move action to complete the jump.

Special: Effects that increase your movement also increase your jumping distance, since your check is modified by your speed.

If you have the Run feat, you get a +4 bonus on Jump checks for any jumps made after a running start.

A halfling has a +2 racial bonus on Jump checks because halflings are agile and athletic.

If you have the Acrobatic feat, you get a +2 bonus on Jump checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Tumble, you get a +2 bonus on Jump checks.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Jump, you get a +2 bonus on Tumble checks.

Knowledge (Int; Trained Only)

Lucky is he who has been able to understand the causes of things.
–Virgil

Like the Craft and Profession skills, Knowledge actually encompasses a number of unrelated skills. Knowledge represents a study of some body of lore, possibly an academic or even scientific discipline.

Check: Answering a question within your field of study has a DC of 10 (for really easy questions), 15 (for basic questions), or 20 to 30 (for really tough questions).

In many cases, you can use this skill to identify monsters and their special powers or vulnerabilities. In general, the DC of such a check equals 10 + the monster's HD. A successful check allows you to remember a bit of useful information about that monster.

For every 5 points by which your check result exceeds the DC, you recall another piece of useful information.

Action: Usually none. In most cases, making a Knowledge check doesn't take an action-you simply know the answer or you don't.

Try Again: No. The check represents what you know, and thinking about a topic a second time doesn't let you know something that you never learned in the first place.

Untrained: An untrained Knowledge check is simply an Intelligence check at a −5 penalty. Without actual training, you know only common knowledge (DC 10 or lower).

Knowledge (arcana)

Accurate reckoning: the entrance into knowledge of all existing things and all obscure secrets.
–Ahmes

Ancient mysteries, magic traditions, arcane symbols, cryptic phrases, secrets, passwords, dragons

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (arcana), you get a +2 bonus on bardic knowledge checks.

Knowledge (architecture and engineering)

There's hardly a month that you don't read of workmen finding bricked-up arches and wells leading nowhere in this or that old place as it comes down - you could see one near Henchman Street from the elevated last year. There were witches and what their spells summoned; pirates and what they brought in from the sea; smugglers; privateers…
–H. P. Lovecraft

Buildings, aqueducts, bridges, fortifications, constructs

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (architecture and engineering), you get a +2 bonus on Search checks made to find secret doors or hidden compartments.

Knowledge (dungeoneering)

Caves! The Caverns of Helm's Deep! Happy was the chance that drove me there! It makes me weep to leave them.
–J.R.R. Tolkien

Aberrations, caverns, oozes, spelunking

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (dungeoneering), you get a +2 bonus on Survival checks made while underground.

Knowledge (history)

History is the witness that testifies to the passing of time; it illumines reality, vitalizes memory, provides guidance in daily life and brings us tidings of antiquity.
–Cicero

Royalty, wars, colonies, migrations, founding of cities

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (history), you get a +2 bonus on bardic knowledge checks.

Knowledge (local)

I am a man, and whatever concerns humanity is of interest to me.
–Terence

I am not an Athenian or a Greek, but a citizen of the world.
–Socrates

Legends, personalities, inhabitants, laws, customs, traditions, humanoids

For every 5 ranks you have in Knowledge (local) rounded up, choose an area to apply the skill to. Examples: the East, the West, Pirthia, Nethaldris, Alport, Denivian Underdepths

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (local), you get a +2 bonus on Gather Information checks.

Special: This skill subsumes Knowledge (geography).

Knowledge (magic)

Do not meddle in the affairs of wizards, for they are subtle and quick to anger.
–J.R.R. Tolkien

Arcane magic, divine magic, spells, applications of magic, magical beasts

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (magic), you get a +2 bonus on Spellcraft checks.

Knowledge (nature)

The sea seemed to roll back upon itself, and to be driven from its banks by the convulsive motion of the earth… a black and dreadful cloud, broken with rapid, zigzag flashes, revealed behind it variously shaped masses of flame: these last were like sheet-lightning, but much larger.
–Pliny the Younger

Animals, fey, giants, monstrous humanoids, plants, seasons and cycles, weather, vermin

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (nature), you get a +2 bonus on Survival checks made in aboveground natural environments (aquatic, desert, forest, hill, marsh, mountains, or plains).

If you have 5 or more ranks in Survival, you get a +2 bonus on Knowledge (nature) checks.

Knowledge (nobility and royalty)

Being set free after the reign of the priest of Hephaistos, the Egyptians, since they could not live any time without a king, set up over them twelve kings… he of them who should pour a libation with a bronze cup in the temple of Hephaistos, should be king of all Egypt.
–Herodotus

Lineages, heraldry, family trees, mottoes, personalities

DifficultyDC
Obvious (recognize King's colors)0
Simple (name of Emperor's counselor)5
Easy (recognize banner of minor noble)10
Basic (proper etiquette at a state dinner)15
Hard (recite Count's full title; determine succession)20
Tough (recite Emperor's full title)30
Legendary (recall the King's well-hidden family secret)45
Near-impossible60
CircumstanceCheck Modifier
Character and target in area for 6 years+1
Character and target in area for 12 years+2
Character and target in area for 25 years+3
Character and target in area for 50 years+4
Character and target in area for 100 years+5

For example, recognizing the banner of a petty baron (DC 10) in a land where he has ruled for 8 years and you have studied heraldry for 30 years gives you a +1 on your check. Had he ruled for 50 years, your bonus would be +3.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (nobility and royalty), you get a +2 bonus on Diplomacy checks.

Knowledge (religion)

O gods, grant me this in return for my piety.
–Catullus

Speak, then, our names; praise us, your mother, your father. Invoke then Huracán, Chipi-Caculhá, Raxa-Caculhá, the Heart of Heaven, the Heart of Earth, the Creator, the Maker, the Forefathers; speak, invoke us, adore us.
Popol Wuj (Quiché, 16th century)

Gods and goddesses, mythic history, ecclesiastic tradition, holy symbols, undead

DifficultyDC
Obvious (recognize holy symbol of Tararos)0
Simple (overview of dogma, inc)5
Easy (dogma: expound on Matrar's teachings on the cyclic nature of life)10
Basic (which gods tolorate the undead?)15
Hard20
Tough (location of secret temple)30
Legendary ()45
Near-impossible60
CircumstanceDC Modifier
Quasi-deity+20
Demideity+10
Lesser deity+5
Greater deity−5
Deity is secretive*+10
Not deity, but major priest of deity*+20

* These modifiers are cumulative; use any that apply.

CircumstanceDC Modifier
Character worships deity exclusively*+2
Character is a cleric of the deity*+3
Character worships deity's pantheon+1

* These modifiers are cumulative; use any that apply.

Note that most information in the deities handout is considered Simple (DC 0 for greater deities, 5 for intermediate, 10 for lesser, 15 for demi-, and 25 for quasi-).

An example of a near-impossible check

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (religion), you get a +2 bonus on turning checks against undead.

Knowledge (the planes)

The Inner Planes, the Outer Planes, the Astral Plane, the Ethereal Plane, outsiders, elementals, magic related to the planes

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (the planes), you get a +2 bonus on Survival checks made while on other planes.

Listen (Wis)

When he came to the narrow way that leads to spider-forest, Dead Man's diamond feeling cold and heavy, and the velvety footfall seeming fearfully close…
–Lord Dunsany

Check: Your Listen check is either made against a DC that reflects how quiet the noise is that you might hear, or it is opposed by your target's Move Silently check.

Listen DCSound
−10A battle
−5People talking*
5A person in medium armor walking at a slow pace (10 ft./round) trying not to make any noise.
10An unarmored person walking at a slow pace (15 ft./round) trying not to make any noise
15A 1st-level rogue using Move Silently to sneak past the listener
15People whispering*
19A cat stalking
30An owl gliding in for a kill
80Defeat illusion with auditory component

* If you beat the DC by 10 or more, you can make out what's being said, assuming that you understand the language.

Listen DC ModifierCondition
+5Through a door
+15Through a stone wall

Defeat Illusion: The character can automatically detect any illusion with an auditory component for what it truly is with a DC 80 check. No Will save is required, and the character doesn't have to interact with the illusion (but he or she must be able to hear its auditory component). Special: A character can use Listen to notice the presence of an invisible creature (generally opposed by a Move Silently check). If the character beats the DC by 20 or more, he or she can pinpoint the location of the invisible creature, though it still maintains total concealment from the character (50% miss chance).

In the case of people trying to be quiet, the DCs given on the table could be replaced by Move Silently checks, in which case the indicated DC would be their average check result.

Action: Varies. Every time you have a chance to hear something in a reactive manner (such as when someone makes a noise or you move into a new area), you can make a Listen check without using an action. Trying to hear something you failed to hear previously is a move action.

Try Again: Yes. You can try to hear something that you failed to hear previously with no penalty.

Special: When several characters are listening to the same thing, a single 1d20 roll can be used for all the individuals' Listen checks.

A fascinated creature takes a −4 penalty on Listen checks made as reactions.

If you have the Alertness feat, you get a +2 bonus on Listen checks.

A ranger gains a bonus on Listen checks when using this skill against a favored enemy.

An elf or halfling has a +2 racial bonus on Listen checks.

A half-elf has a +1 racial bonus on Listen checks.

A sleeping character may make Listen checks at a −10 penalty. A successful check awakens the sleeper.

Move Silently (Dex; Armor Check Penalty)

Tommy Tonker came first to cross bare boards, covered with little obstacles in the dark, without making any sound, and then to go silently up creaky stairs, and then to open doors, and lastly to climb.
–Lord Dunsany

Check: Your Move Silently check is opposed by the Listen check of anyone who might hear you. You can move up to one-half your normal speed at no penalty. When moving at a speed greater than one-half but less than your full speed, you take a −5 penalty. It's practically impossible (-20 penalty) to move silently while running or charging.

Noisy surfaces, such as bogs or undergrowth, are tough to move silently across. When you try to sneak across such a surface, you take a penalty on your Move Silently check as indicated below.

SurfaceCheck Modifier
Noisy (bog, undergrowth, dense rubble)−4
Very noisy (dense undergrowth, deep snow, scree)−8

Action: None. A Move Silently check is included in your movement or other activity, so it is part of another action.

Special: The master of a cat familiar gains a +3 bonus on Move Silently checks.

A halfling has a +2 racial bonus on Move Silently checks.

If you have the Stealthy feat, you get a +2 bonus on Move Silently checks.

Open Lock (Dex; Trained Only)

Silent as specters, the tall thief and the fat thief edged past the dead, noose-strangled watch-leopard, out the thick, lock-picked door of Jengao the Gem Merchant, and strolled east on Cash Street through the thin black night-smog of Lankhmar, City of Sevenscore Thousand Smokes.
–Fritz Leiber

Attempting an Open Lock check without a set of thieves' tools imposes a −10 circumstance penalty on the check, even if a simple tool is employed. If you use masterwork thieves' tools, you gain a +2 circumstance bonus on the check.

Check: The DC for opening a lock varies from 20 to 40, depending on the quality of the lock, as given on the table below.

LockDCLockDC
Very simple lock20Good lock30
Average lock25Amazing lock40

Action: Opening a lock is normally a full-round action. Increase the DC by +20 to reduce this to a move action, or by +50 to reduce this to a free action.

Special: If you have the Nimble Fingers feat, you get a +2 bonus on Open Lock checks.

Untrained: You cannot pick locks untrained, but you might successfully force them open.

Perform (Cha)

I will sing the song of lord Gilgameš, the man of battle, I will sing the song of him with the well-proportioned limbs, the man of battle.
–Gilgameš and the Bull of Heaven (Babylonian, c. 21st century BC)

Like Craft, Knowledge, and Profession, Perform is actually a number of separate skills.

You could have several Perform skills, each with its own ranks, each purchased as a separate skill.

Each of the nine categories of the Perform skill includes a variety of methods, instruments, or techniques, a small list of which is provided for each category below.

Check: You can impress audiences with your talent and skill.

Perform DCPerformance
10Poor performance. Trying to earn money by playing in public is essentially begging. You can earn 2d6 cp/day.
15Routine performance. In a prosperous city, you can earn 1d6 sp/day.
20Enjoyable performance. In a prosperous city, you can earn 2d10 sp/day. In time, you may be invited to join a professional troupe and may develop a regional reputation.
25Great performance. In a prosperous city, you can earn 1d4 gp/day. In time, you may come to the attention of noble patrons.
30Memorable performance. In a prosperous city, you can earn 2d6 gp/day. In time, you may come to the attention of royalty and develop a national reputation.
40Extraordinary performance. In a prosperous city, you can earn 2d20 gp/day. In time, you may draw attention from distant potential patrons, or even from extraplanar beings.

A masterwork musical instrument gives you a +2 circumstance bonus on Perform checks that involve its use.

The character can also sway an audience's attitude with his or her performance. Treat this as a Diplomacy check at a −20 penalty.

Action: Varies. Trying to earn money by playing in public requires anywhere from an evening's work to a full day's performance. The bard's special Perform-based abilities are described in that class's description.

Try Again: Yes. Retries are allowed, but they don't negate previous failures, and an audience that has been unimpressed in the past is likely to be prejudiced against future performances. (Increase the DC by 2 for each previous failure.)

Special: A bard must have at least 3 ranks in a Perform skill to inspire courage in his allies, or to use his countersong or his fascinate ability. A bard needs 6 ranks in a Perform skill to inspire competence, 9 ranks to use his suggestion ability, 12 ranks to inspire greatness, 15 ranks to use his song of freedom ability, 18 ranks to inspire heroics, and 21 ranks to use his mass suggestion ability. See Bardic Music in the bard class description.

In addition to using the Perform skill, you can entertain people with sleight of hand, tumbling, tightrope walking, and spells (especially illusions).

Profession (Wis; Trained Only)

Some people who have the right kinds of knowledge and the right starting points required to enhance their fortunes, if only they will put their shoulders to the wheel; and yet, if we are to believe our senses, that is just the one thing they will not do, and so their knowledge and accomplishments are of no profit to them?
–Xenophon (Greek, 4th century BC)

You are trained in a livelihood or professional role, such as hunter, miner, or scribe.

Like Craft, Knowledge, and Perform, Profession is actually a number of separate skills. You could have several Profession skills, each with its own ranks, each purchased as a separate skill. While a Craft skill represents ability in creating or making an item, a Profession skill represents an aptitude in a vocation requiring a broader range of less specific knowledge.

Check: You can practice your trade and make a decent living, earning about twice your Profession check result in silver pieces per week of dedicated work. You know how to use the tools of your trade, how to perform the profession's daily tasks, how to supervise helpers, and how to handle common problems.

Action: Not applicable. A single check generally represents a week of work.

Try Again: Varies. An attempt to use a Profession skill to earn an income cannot be retried. You are stuck with whatever weekly wage your check result brought you. Another check may be made after a week to determine a new income for the next period of time. An attempt to accomplish some specific task can usually be retried.

Untrained: Untrained laborers and assistants (that is, characters without any ranks in Profession) earn an average of 1 silver piece per day.

Note to Players: While a PC may have any of these skills, several are particularly well-suited to player characters: Profession (executioner), Profession (fence), Profession (herbalist), Profession (oracle), and Profession (siege engineer).

Profession (anatomist)

The Anatomy Lesson (detail)

You understand the workings of the human body. A DC 20 check allows for the useful dissection of a corpse; additional information can be gleaned with DC 25 or 30. Vivisections provide more information but are generally illegal.

A Profession (anatomist) check can be used in place of a Heal check to determine the health of an opponent in combat.

Synergy: 5 ranks of Profession (anatomist) gives a +2 bonus on Heal checks.

Profession (bureaucrat)

You know how to operate in a large organization. A check allows you to "work the system" to set up an official appointment on limited notice or without appropriate documentation. (You may substitute a Diplomacy check at −10 or an Intimidate check at −15 for this use of the skill.)

Profession (bailiff)

You can work in or manage the legal system in a town, city, or other region. A successful check allows you to keep general order.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (local), you get +2 bonus on Profession (bailiff) checks in the appropriate location.

Profession (barrister)

You are qualified to serve as a judge, an officer of the court, or an advocate in a legal case. A successful check allows you to argue your case correctly. An opposed check may sway the presiding official.

Profession (barber)

You can care for others' general hygiene, cutting hair and letting blood.

Profession (beggar)

You can beg for a living. With a DC 5 check you make 2d6 copper pieces; with a DC 15 check you make 6d4 cp instead. You suffer a −2 penalty on the check if you seem well-fed or otherwise unbeggarly. (A Disguise check can negate this penalty.)

An untrained beggar might receive 1d6 cp, which may not be enough to survive on.

Profession (brewer)

You can make ale. You may also be able to make mead, wine, and oil.

Profession (broker)

You know how to sell or acquire goods.

Profession (butcher)

You know how to slaughter and prepare animals.

Profession (cook)

You know how to make soup, bread, and meat dishes.

Profession (digger)

You can dig long holes like ditches or deep holes like graves.

Synergy: 5 ranks in Profession (digger) gives a +2 bonus on Profession (miner) checks. 5 ranks in Profession (miner) gives a +2 bonus on Profession (digger) checks.

Profession (executioner)

You can make powerful killing blows. Make an attack with a weapon with which you are trained and which has a critical of at least ×3. This takes a full-round action and provokes an attack of opportunity. If you succeed at a DC 15 Profession (executioner) check, you may reroll 1s on the attack and damage roll (or 1s and 2s on a d12). For every 5 points by which you beat the DC, you gain +1 damage.

Profession (farmer)

Profession (fence)

You know how to acquire and sell stolen goods.

Profession (fisher)

You can catch fish by net, spear, or rod. A DC 10 check lets you avoid a −2 penalty for attacking into the water from land.

Profession (fool)

You can entertain with inane humor. Subtract your Wisdom modifier instead of adding it.

Profession (grocer)

You sell foodstuffs and can prepare simple foods.

Profession (groom)

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Profession (groom), you get a +2 bonus on Handle Animal checks.

Profession (guide)

You know how to get along in the wild as well as how to lead others safely. When attempting to get along in the wild roll Profession (guide) and Survival and take the higher result.

Profession (herbalist)

You know how to locate and use various medicinal and culinary herbs.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Profession (herbalist), you get a +2 bonus on Profession (cook) checks and on Heal checks to treat wounds or disease.

Profession (hunter)

You can hunt and trap animals. If you have 5 or more ranks of Survival, you get a +2 bonus on Profession (hunter) checks.

Profession (innkeeper)

Profession (mariner)

Profession (merchant)

Profession (midwife)

You deliver children, protecting their health and that of their mothers.

Profession (miller)

You can operate a mill, including maintaining its complex machinery.

Profession (miner)

You can mine and quarry. A check allows a crew of sappers to undermine a castle or tower wall (DC varies).

Synergy: 5 ranks in Profession (digger) gives a +2 bonus on Profession (miner) checks. 5 ranks in Profession (miner) gives a +2 bonus on Profession (digger) checks.

Profession (oracle)

You can read the future in cryptic signs.

Profession (porter)

With a DC 15 check you can move 10 feet per round instead of 5 feet per round when carrying more than a heavy load. With a DC 20 check you can move at full speed while carrying a medium load (but not medium or heavier armor). The result of a check, successful or not, lasts for one minute.

Profession (scribe)

DCResult
10Copy a page of text. Failing results in a damaged copy; failure by 5 or more results in an illegible copy. Takes 1 hour for a full copy or 30 minutes using a book hand and scribal abbreviations.
15Decrease copy time to 30 minutes (15 minutes abbreviated)
18Decrease copy time to 15 minutes (10 minutes abbreviated)
20Decrease copy time to 10 minutes (8 minutes abbreviated)
25Decrease copy time to 7 minutes (5 minutes abbreviated)
+5Copying under poor lighting (candle, fire)

Illiterate characters, and characters not familiar with the language of the document, suffer a −4 penalty on Profession (scribe) checks.

Synergy: 5 ranks in Profession (scribe) gives a +2 bonus on Forgery checks to forge official documents. If the document is of a type routinely handled by your character, the DM may raise this to a +5 bonus.

Profession (servant)

You care for the needs of others.

Profession (teacher)

You can teach basic subjects such as grammar, logic, and rhetoric or advanced subjects like arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy.

Profession (shoemaker)

Profession (siege engineer)

You know how to operate weapons like ballistæ and trebuchets.

Profession (woodcutter)

Ride (Dex)

His horse is slain, and all on foot he fights… "A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse!"
–William Shakespeare (British, 16th century)

If you attempt to ride a creature that is ill suited as a mount, you take a −5 penalty on your Ride checks.

Check: Typical riding actions don't require checks. You can saddle, mount, ride, and dismount from a mount without a problem.

The following tasks do require checks.

TaskDCTaskDC
Guide with knees5Spur mount15
Stay in saddle5Control mount in battle20
Fight with warhorse10Fast mount or dismount20*
Cover15Stand on mount40
Soft fall15Unconscious control50
Leap15Attack from cover60

* Armor check penalty applies

Guide with Knees: You can react instantly to guide your mount with your knees so that you can use both hands in combat. Make your Ride check at the start of your turn. If you fail, you can use only one hand this round because you need to use the other to control your mount.

Stay in Saddle: You can react instantly to try to avoid falling when your mount rears or bolts unexpectedly or when you take damage. This usage does not take an action.

Fight with Warhorse: If you direct your war-trained mount to attack in battle, you can still make your own attack or attacks normally. This usage is a free action.

Cover: You can react instantly to drop down and hang alongside your mount, using it as cover. You can't attack or cast spells while using your mount as cover. If you fail your Ride check, you don't get the cover benefit. This usage does not take an action.

Soft Fall: You can react instantly to try to take no damage when you fall off a mount-when it is killed or when it falls, for example. If you fail your Ride check, you take 1d6 points of falling damage. This usage does not take an action.

Leap: You can get your mount to leap obstacles as part of its movement. Use your Ride modifier or the mount's Jump modifier, whichever is lower, to see how far the creature can jump. If you fail your Ride check, you fall off the mount when it leaps and take the appropriate falling damage (at least 1d6 points). This usage does not take an action, but is part of the mount's movement.

Spur Mount: You can spur your mount to greater speed with a move action. A successful Ride check increases the mount's speed by 10 feet for 1 round but deals 1 point of damage to the creature. You can use this ability every round, but each consecutive round of additional speed deals twice as much damage to the mount as the previous round (2 points, 4 points, 8 points, and so on).

Control Mount in Battle: As a move action, you can attempt to control a light horse, pony, heavy horse, or other mount not trained for combat riding while in battle. If you fail the Ride check, you can do nothing else in that round. You do not need to roll for warhorses or warponies.

Fast Mount or Dismount: You can attempt to mount or dismount from a mount of up to one size category larger than yourself as a free action, provided that you still have a move action available that round. If you fail the Ride check, mounting or dismounting is a move action. You can't use fast mount or dismount on a mount more than one size category larger than yourself.

Stand on Mount: This allows the character to stand on his or her mount's back even during movement or combat. The character takes no penalties to actions while doing so.

Unconscious Control: As a free action, the character can attempt to control a light horse, pony, or heavy horse while in combat. If the character fails, he or she controls the mount as a move-equivalent action. A character does not need to roll for warhorses or warponies.

Attack from Cover: The character can react instantly to drop down and hang alongside his or her mount, using it as one-half cover. The character can attack and cast spells while using his or her mount as cover without penalty. If the character fails, he or she doesn't get the cover benefit.

Action: Varies. Mounting or dismounting normally is a move action. Other checks are a move action, a free action, or no action at all, as noted above.

Special: If you are riding bareback, you take a −5 penalty on Ride checks.

If your mount has a military saddle you get a +2 circumstance bonus on Ride checks related to staying in the saddle.

The Ride skill is a prerequisite for the feats Mounted Archery, Mounted Combat, Ride-By Attack, Spirited Charge, and Trample.

If you have the Animal Affinity feat, you get a +2 bonus on Ride checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Handle Animal, you get a +2 bonus on Ride checks.

He tapped experimentally along the wall in both directions, but the hollow ring quickly ceased. Evidently the cavity was a fairly small one. He noted that the crevices between all the other stones were very fine, showing no evidence of any cementing substance whatsoever. In fact, he couldn't be sure that they weren't false crevices, superficial cuts in the surface of solid rock…
–Fritz Leiber

Check: You generally must be within 10 feet of the object or surface to be searched. The table below gives DCs for typical tasks involving the Search skill.

TaskDC
Ransack a chest full of junk to find a certain item10
Notice a typical secret door or a simple trap20
Find a difficult nonmagical trap (rogue only)*21 or higher
Find a magic trap (rogue only)*25 + spell level
Notice a well-hidden secret door30
Sense magic60
Find a footprintVaries†

* Dwarves (even if they are not rogues) can use Search to find traps built into or out of stone.

† A successful Search check can find a footprint or similar sign of a creature's passage, but it won't let you find or follow a trail. See the Track feat for the appropriate DC.

Sense Magic: The character senses the presence of any active magical effects in the area being searched. The character can't determine the number, strength, or type of the effects.

Action: It takes a full-round action to search a 5-foot-by-5-foot area or a volume of goods 5 feet on a side.

Special: An elf has a +2 racial bonus on Search checks, and a half-elf has a +1 racial bonus. An elf (but not a half-elf) who simply passes within 5 feet of a secret or concealed door can make a Search check to find that door.

If you have the Investigator feat, you get a +2 bonus on Search checks.

Explosive runes, fire trap, glyph of warding, teleportation circle, and the various symbol spells create magic traps that a rogue can find by making a successful Search check and then can attempt to disarm by using Disable Device. Identifying the location of a snare spell has a DC of 23. Spike growth and spike stones create magic traps that can be found using Search, but against which Disable Device checks do not succeed. See the individual spell descriptions for details.

Active abjuration spells within 10 feet of each other for 24 hours or more create barely visible energy fluctuations. These fluctuations give you a +4 bonus on Search checks to locate such abjuration spells.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Search, you get a +2 bonus on Survival checks to find or follow tracks.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (architecture and engineering), you get a +2 bonus on Search checks to find secret doors or hidden compartments.

Restriction: While anyone can use Search to find a trap whose DC is 20 or lower, only a rogue can use Search to locate traps with higher DCs. (Exception: The spell find traps temporarily enables a cleric to use the Search skill as if he were a rogue.)

A dwarf, even one who is not a rogue, can use the Search skill to find a difficult trap (one with a DC higher than 20) if the trap is built into or out of stone. He gains a +2 racial bonus on the Search check from his stonecunning ability.

Sense Motive (Wis)

Ready tears are a sign of treachery, not of grief.
–Publilius Syrus

Check: A successful check lets you avoid being bluffed (see the Bluff skill). You can also use this skill to determine when "something is up" (that is, something odd is going on) or to assess someone's trustworthiness.

TaskDC
Hunch20
Sense enchantment25 or 15
Discern secret messageVaries
Discern partial alignment60
Discern full alignment80
Detect surface thoughts100

Hunch: This use of the skill involves making a gut assessment of the social situation. You can get the feeling from another's behavior that something is wrong, such as when you're talking to an impostor. Alternatively, you can get the feeling that someone is trustworthy.

Sense Enchantment: You can tell that someone's behavior is being influenced by an enchantment effect (by definition, a mind-affecting effect), even if that person isn't aware of it. The usual DC is 25, but if the target is dominated (see dominate person), the DC is only 15 because of the limited range of the target's activities.

Discern Secret Message: You may use Sense Motive to detect that a hidden message is being transmitted via the Bluff skill. In this case, your Sense Motive check is opposed by the Bluff check of the character transmitting the message. For each piece of information relating to the message that you are missing, you take a −2 penalty on your Sense Motive check. If you succeed by 4 or less, you know that something hidden is being communicated, but you can't learn anything specific about its content. If you beat the DC by 5 or more, you intercept and understand the message. If you fail by 4 or less, you don't detect any hidden communication. If you fail by 5 or more, you infer some false information.

Discern Partial Alignment: This use of the skill lets a character discern one component of a target's alignment. When making the check, the character states whether he or she is trying to discern the law-chaos or good-evil component. A character can't retry the check, and he or she can't use this to discern more than one component of the alignment (but see below). The target must be visible and within 30 feet of the character.

Discern Full Alignment: This use of the skill lets a character determine both components of a target's alignment. The character can't retry the check. The target must be visible and within 30 feet of the character.

Detect Surface Thoughts: This lets a character read the surface thoughts of a single target (as the 3rd-round effect of the detect thoughts spell). There is no saving throw to resist this effect, though the target can use Bluff to disguise his or her surface thoughts (see the Bluff skill description), in which case this becomes an opposed check (any result lower than 100 automatically fails). The target must be visible and within 30 feet of the character.

Action: Trying to gain information with Sense Motive generally takes at least 1 minute, and you could spend a whole evening trying to get a sense of the people around you.

Try Again: No, though you may make a Sense Motive check for each Bluff check made against you.

Special: A ranger gains a bonus on Sense Motive checks when using this skill against a favored enemy.

If you have the Negotiator feat, you get a +2 bonus on Sense Motive checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Sense Motive, you get a +2 bonus on Diplomacy checks.

Sleight of Hand (Dex; Trained Only; Armor Check Penalty)

If any one is committing a robbery and is caught, then he shall be put to death.
–Hammurabi

Check: A DC 10 Sleight of Hand check lets you palm a coin-sized, unattended object. Performing a minor feat of legerdemain, such as making a coin disappear, also has a DC of 10 unless an observer is determined to note where the item went.

When you use this skill under close observation, your skill check is opposed by the observer's Spot check. The observer's success doesn't prevent you from performing the action, just from doing it unnoticed.

You can hide a small object (including a light weapon or an easily concealed ranged weapon, such as a dart, sling, or hand crossbow) on your body. Your Sleight of Hand check is opposed by the Spot check of anyone observing you or the Search check of anyone frisking you. In the latter case, the searcher gains a +4 bonus on the Search check, since it's generally easier to find such an object than to hide it. A dagger is easier to hide than most light weapons, and grants you a +2 bonus on your Sleight of Hand check to conceal it. An extraordinarily small object, such as a coin, shuriken, or ring, grants you a +4 bonus on your Sleight of Hand check to conceal it, and heavy or baggy clothing (such as a cloak) grants you a +2 bonus on the check.

Drawing a hidden weapon is a standard action and doesn't provoke an attack of opportunity.

If you try to take something from another creature, you must make a DC 20 Sleight of Hand check to obtain it. The opponent makes a Spot check to detect the attempt, opposed by the same Sleight of Hand check result you achieved when you tried to grab the item. An opponent who succeeds on this check notices the attempt, regardless of whether you got the item.

You can also use Sleight of Hand to entertain an audience as though you were using the Perform skill. In such a case, your "act" encompasses elements of legerdemain, juggling, and the like.

DCTask
10Palm a coin-sized object, make a coin disappear
20Lift a small object from a person
50Lift a sheathed weapon from another creature and hide it on the character's person, if the weapon is no more than one size category larger than the character's own size.
80Make an adjacent, willing creature or object of the character's size or smaller "disappear" while in plain view. In fact, the willing creature or object is displaced up to 10 feet away-make a separate Hide check to determine how well the "disappeared" creature or object is hidden.

Action: Any Sleight of Hand check normally is a standard action. However, you may perform a Sleight of Hand check as a free action by taking a −20 penalty on the check.

Try Again: Yes, but after an initial failure, a second Sleight of Hand attempt against the same target (or while you are being watched by the same observer who noticed your previous attempt) increases the DC for the task by 10.

Special: If you have the Deft Hands feat, you get a +2 bonus on Sleight of Hand checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Bluff, you get a +2 bonus on Sleight of Hand checks.

Untrained: An untrained Sleight of Hand check is simply a Dexterity check. Without actual training, you can't succeed on any Sleight of Hand check with a DC higher than 10, except for hiding an object on your body.

Speak Language (None; Trained Only)

'I wish life was not so short,' he thought. 'Languages take such a time, and so do all the things one wants to know about.'
–J.R.R. Tolkien

Common Languages and Their Alphabets
LanguageTypical SpeakersAlphabet
AquanWater-based creaturesAquan
AuranAir-based creaturesAuran
RydelAncient writings, sphinxesAuran
CelestialGood outsidersCelestial
BarktanBarktanHalfling
Common(Trade tongue)Halfling
GnollGnollsHalfling
HalflingHalflingsHalfling
NethaldricNethaldrisHalfling
PirthianPirthia, VanchildHalfling
DraconicKobolds, dragonsDraconic
DwarvenDwarvesDwarven
GiantOgres, giantsDwarven
KeldrianKeldriaDwarven
OrcOrcsDwarven
DenivanDenivElven
DruidicDruidsElven
ElvenHigh elves, wild elvesElven
Grey ElvenGray elvesElven
SylvanDryads, brownies, leprechaunsElven
IgnanFire-based creaturesIgnan
AbyssalDemons, chaotic evil outsidersInfernal
InfernalDevils, lawful evil outsidersInfernal
FormianFormiansTerran
TerranEarth-based creaturesTerran
AbolethAbolethsUndercommon
ShlaGoblins, hobgoblins, bugbearsUndercommon
Undercommon(Trade tongue)Undercommon
WorgWorgs, some goblinsUndercommon
TeweynTeweynWestron
WestronThose across the Western OceanWestron

Action: Not applicable.

Try Again: Not applicable. There are no Speak Language checks to fail.

The Speak Language skill doesn't work like other skills. Languages work as follows.

RanksProficiency
½Ability to speak simple phrases ("Kreth smash!", "Where from shine-thing?")
1Ability to communicate on a basic level ("Where did they go?", "Where is the castle?")
Ability to communicate on a reasonable level; obvious accent
2Typical communication; slight regional accent
Good communication; no regional accent when desired; practiced speaker
3Excellent communication; use any regional accent desired adeptly; Goethe, Natsume, Spenser, Voltaire

Commonfolk typically have 1½ ranks in their primary language; tradesmen and the well-to-do 2 ranks; nobles, 2½ ranks.

Automatic Languages: The language for your home region is always an automatic language. Each race has its own additional automatic languages. For example, dwarves have Dwarven, while humans have Common.

Bonus Languages: Each race has its own bonus language list. All subterranean races have Undercommon as a bonus language, while other races have Common as a bonus language.

Special: Druids start with 1½ ranks in Druidic for free. No other characters may start with ranks in Druidic.

Spellcraft (Int; Trained Only)

Like other arts and crafts, [magic] is also governed by a theory, by a system of principles which dictate the manner in which the act has to be performed in order to be effective.
–Bronisław Malinowski

Use this skill to identify spells as they are cast or spells already in place.

DCTask
13When using read magic, identify a glyph of warding. No action required.
15 + spell levelIdentify a spell being cast. (You must see or hear the spell's somatic or verbal components.) No action required. No retry.
15 + spell levelLearn a spell from a spellbook or scroll (wizard only). No retry for that spell until you gain at least 1 rank in Spellcraft (even if you find another source to try to learn the spell from). Requires 8 hours.
15 + spell levelPrepare a spell from a borrowed spellbook (wizard only). One try per day. No extra time required.
15 + spell levelWhen casting detect magic, determine the school of magic involved in the aura of a single item or creature you can see. (If the aura is not a spell effect, the DC is 15 + one-half caster level.) No action required.
19When using read magic, identify a symbol. No action required.
20 + spell levelIdentify a spell that's already in place and in effect. You must be able to see or detect the effects of the spell. No action required. No retry.
20 + spell levelIdentify materials created or shaped by magic, such as noting that an iron wall is the result of a wall of iron spell. No action required. No retry.
20 + spell levelDecipher a written spell (such as a scroll) without using read magic. One try per day. Requires a full-round action.
25 + spell levelAfter rolling a saving throw against a spell targeted on you, determine what that spell was. No action required. No retry.
25Identify a potion. Requires 1 minute. No retry.
20Draw a diagram to allow dimensional anchor to be cast on a magic circle spell. Requires 10 minutes. No retry. This check is made secretly so you do not know the result.
30 or higherUnderstand a strange or unique magical effect, such as the effects of a magic stream. Time required varies. No retry.
50Quick identification of alchemical substances and potions
50 + caster levelIdentify basic property of magic item.
70 + caster levelIdentify all properties of magic item

Identify Basic Property of Magic Item: This use of the skill requires one round of inspection, and functions exactly as if the character had cast an identify spell on the item. A character can't attempt this on the same item more than once.

Identify All Properties of Magic Item: This requires one minute of inspection, and reveals all properties of a single magic item (including command words and charges remaining). A character can't attempt this on the same item more than once. If an item has different caster levels for different properties, use the highest caster level.

Quick Identification: A character can identify a substance or potion in the field as a full-round action, without an alchemical lab or any cost. The character can't retry this check (or take 20); if he or she fails, the character must identify the substance in an alchemical lab, as normal.

Check: You can identify spells and magic effects. The DCs for Spellcraft checks relating to various tasks are summarized on the table above.

Action: Varies, as noted above.

Try Again: See above.

Special: If you are a specialist wizard, you get a +2 bonus on Spellcraft checks when dealing with a spell or effect from your specialty school. You take a −5 penalty when dealing with a spell or effect from a prohibited school (and some tasks, such as learning a prohibited spell, are just impossible).

If you have the Magical Aptitude feat, you get a +2 bonus on Spellcraft checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (arcana), you get a +2 bonus on Spellcraft checks.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Use Magic Device, you get a +2 bonus on Spellcraft checks to decipher spells on scrolls.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Spellcraft, you get a +2 bonus on Use Magic Device checks related to scrolls.

Additionally, certain spells allow you to gain information about magic, provided that you make a successful Spellcraft check as detailed in the spell description.

Spot (Wis)

I hear and I forget. I see and I remember.
–Confucius

Check: The Spot skill is used primarily to detect characters or creatures who are hiding. Typically, your Spot check is opposed by the Hide check of the creature trying not to be seen. Sometimes a creature isn't intentionally hiding but is still difficult to see, so a successful Spot check is necessary to notice it.

A Spot check result higher than 20 generally lets you become aware of an invisible creature near you, though you can't actually see it.

Spot is also used to detect someone in disguise (see the Disguise skill), and to read lips when you can't hear or understand what someone is saying.

Spot checks may be called for to determine the distance at which an encounter begins. A penalty applies on such checks, depending on the distance between the two individuals or groups, and an additional penalty may apply if the character making the Spot check is distracted (not concentrating on being observant).

DCTask
20Notice presence of active invisible creature
30Notice presence of unmoving, living invisible creature
40Notice presence of inanimate invisible object
40Notice presence of unmoving, unliving invisible creature
80Defeat illusion
ConditionPenalty
Per 10 feet of distance−1
Spotter distracted−5

A character can use Spot to notice the presence of an invisible creature. The relevant DCs are reprinted here. If the character beats the DC by 20 or more, he or she can pinpoint the location of the invisible creature, though it still maintains total concealment from the character (50% miss chance).

Defeat Illusion: The character can automatically detect any illusion with a visual component for what it truly is. No Will save is required, and the character doesn't have to interact with the illusion (but he or she must be able to see it).

Using Spot to Read Lips

TaskDC Modifier
Read lips while moving at up to full speed+20
Pronounce unfamiliar language+20

Read Lips: To understand what someone is saying by reading lips, you must be within 30 feet of the speaker, be able to see him or her speak, and understand the speaker's language. (This use of the skill is language-dependent.) The base DC is 15, but it increases for complex speech or an inarticulate speaker. You must maintain a line of sight to the lips being read.

If your Spot check succeeds, you can understand the general content of a minute's worth of speaking, but you usually still miss certain details. If the check fails by 4 or less, you can't read the speaker's lips. If the check fails by 5 or more, you draw some incorrect conclusion about the speech. The check is rolled secretly in this case, so that you don't know whether you succeeded or missed by 5.

Pronounce Unfamiliar Language: This use of the skill allows a character to repeat the speech of an observed creature, potentially allowing a comrade to translate the speech. It doesn't grant the character any ability to understand the language spoken.

Action: Varies. Every time you have a chance to spot something in a reactive manner you can make a Spot check without using an action. Trying to spot something you failed to see previously is a move action. To read lips, you must concentrate for a full minute before making a Spot check, and you can't perform any other action (other than moving at up to half speed) during this minute.

Try Again: Yes. You can try to spot something that you failed to see previously at no penalty. You can attempt to read lips once per minute.

Special: A fascinated creature takes a −4 penalty on Spot checks made as reactions.

If you have the Alertness feat, you get a +2 bonus on Spot checks.

A ranger gains a bonus on Spot checks when using this skill against a favored enemy.

An elf has a +2 racial bonus on Spot checks.

A half-elf has a +1 racial bonus on Spot checks.

The master of a hawk familiar gains a +3 bonus on Spot checks in daylight or other lighted areas.

The master of an owl familiar gains a +3 bonus on Spot checks in shadowy or other darkened areas.

Survival (Wis)

So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water.
–Exodus (Hebrew, c. 8th century BC)

Check: You can keep yourself and others safe and fed in the wild, or travel overland more easily. You can also predict the weather in the near future by telltale signs. The table below gives the DCs for various tasks that require Survival checks. The DM may allow other uses of this skill.

Survival does not allow you to follow difficult tracks unless you are a ranger or have the Track feat (see the Restriction section below).

Survival DCTask
10Get along in the wild. Move up to one-half your overland speed while hunting and foraging (no food or water supplies needed). You can provide food and water for one other person for every 2 points by which your check result exceeds 10.
15Gain a +2 bonus on all Fortitude saves against severe weather while moving up to one-half your overland speed, or gain a +4 bonus if you remain stationary. You may grant the same bonus to one other character for every 1 point by which your Survival check result exceeds 15.
15Keep from getting lost or avoid natural hazards, such as quicksand.
10Predict the weather up to 12 hours in advance. For every 5 points by which your Survival check result exceeds 10, you can predict the weather for 12 additional hours in advance.
VariesFollow tracks*
40Get along in the wild while moving at full speed. The character can provide food and water for one other person for every 2 points by which the check result exceeds 40.
60Automatically succeed on all Fortitude saves against severe weather. The character can extend this benefit to one other character for every 2 points by which the check result exceeds 60.
60Ignore overland movement penalties of terrain. The character and his or her mount can move at full overland speed regardless of terrain. The character can extend this benefit to one other character for every 5 points by which the check result exceeds 60.
60Identify race/kind of creature(s) by tracks*

* Requires the Track feat

Wherever the character is, he or she can determine the direction to a location on the same plane.

DCFamiliarity with Location
40Very familiar
60Studied carefully
80Seen casually
100Viewed once
120Description only

With a successful check, the character knows the direction to the desired location. This merely points the character in the direction of the location; it doesn't provide him or her with information on how to get there, nor does it take into account any obstacles in the path. "Very familiar" represents a place where the character has been very often and where he or she feels at home. "Studied carefully" represents a place the character knows well, either because he or she has been there often or has used other means to study the place. "Seen casually" is a place that the character has viewed more than once, but which he or she has not studied. "Viewed once" is a place that the character has seen once, possibly using magic. "Description only" is a place whose location and appearance the character knows through someone else's description.

Action: Varies. A single Survival check may represent activity over the course of hours or a full day. A Survival check made to find tracks is at least a full-round action, and it may take even longer.

Try Again: Varies. For getting along in the wild or for gaining the Fortitude save bonus noted in the table above, you make a Survival check once every 24 hours. The result of that check applies until the next check is made. To avoid getting lost or avoid natural hazards, you make a Survival check whenever the situation calls for one. Retries to avoid getting lost in a specific situation or to avoid a specific natural hazard are not allowed. For finding tracks, you can retry a failed check after 1 hour (outdoors) or 10 minutes (indoors) of searching.

Restriction: While anyone can use Survival to find tracks (regardless of the DC), or to follow tracks when the DC for the task is 10 or lower, only a ranger (or a character with the Track feat) can use Survival to follow tracks when the task has a higher DC.

Special: If you have 5 or more ranks in Survival, you can automatically determine where true north lies in relation to yourself.

A ranger gains a bonus on Survival checks when using this skill to find or follow the tracks of a favored enemy.

If you have the Self-Sufficient feat, you get a +2 bonus on Survival checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Survival, you get a +2 bonus on Knowledge (nature) checks.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (dungeoneering), you get a +2 bonus on Survival checks made while underground.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (nature), you get a +2 bonus on Survival checks in aboveground natural environments (aquatic, desert, forest, hill, marsh, mountains, and plains).

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (geography), you get a +2 bonus on Survival checks made to keep from getting lost or to avoid natural hazards.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Knowledge (the planes), you get a +2 bonus on Survival checks made while on other planes.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Search, you get a +2 bonus on Survival checks to find or follow tracks.

Swim (Str; Armor Check Penalty)

Art thou that Beowulf, Breca's rival, who emulous swam on the open sea, when for pride the pair of you proved the floods, and wantonly dared in waters deep to risk your lives?
–Beowulf (British, 7th century)

But fiercely ran the current,
   Swollen high by months of rain:
And fast his blood was flowing;
   And he was sore in pain,
And heavy with his armour,
   And spent with changing blows:
And oft they thought him sinking,
   But still again he rose.
–Thomas Macaulay (British, 19th century)

Check: Make a Swim check once per round while you are in the water. Success means you may swim at up to one-half your speed (as a full-round action) or at one-quarter your speed (as a move action). If you fail by 4 or less, you make no progress through the water. If you fail by 5 or more, you go underwater.

If you are underwater, either because you failed a Swim check or because you are swimming underwater intentionally, you must hold your breath. You can hold your breath for a number of rounds equal to your Constitution score, but only if you do nothing other than take move actions or free actions. If you take a standard action or a full-round action (such as making an attack), the remainder of the duration for which you can hold your breath is reduced by 1 round. (Effectively, a character in combat can hold his or her breath only half as long as normal.) After that period of time, you must make a DC 10 Constitution check every round to continue holding your breath. Each round, the DC for that check increases by 1. If you fail the Constitution check, you begin to drown.

The DC for the Swim check depends on the water, as given on the table below.

Swim up Waterfall: A DC 80 check allows a character to swim an angled or vertical surface, as long as he or she remains completely or mostly immersed in water. Other examples might include swimming up a whirlpool or an incredibly large wave.

ConditionDC
Calm water10
Rough water15
Stormy water20*

* You can't take 10 on a Swim check in stormy water, even if you aren't otherwise being threatened or distracted.

Speed Swimming: By taking a −20 penalty on the check, a character can swim his or her speed as a move-equivalent action, or double his or her speed as a full-round action.

Each hour that you swim, you must make a DC 20 Swim check or take 1d6 points of subdual damage from fatigue.

Action: A successful Swim check allows you to swim one-quarter of your speed as a move action or one-half your speed as a full-round action.

Special: Swim checks are subject to double the normal armor check penalty and encumbrance penalty.

If you have the Athletic feat, you get a +2 bonus on Swim checks.

If you have the Endurance feat, you get a +4 bonus on Swim checks made to avoid taking subdual damage from fatigue.

A creature with a swim speed can move through water at its indicated speed without making Swim checks. It gains a +8 racial bonus on any Swim check to perform a special action or avoid a hazard. The creature always can choose to take 10 on a Swim check, even if distracted or endangered when swimming. Such a creature can use the run action while swimming, provided that it swims in a straight line.

Tumble (Dex; Trained Only; Armor Check Penalty)

You can't use this skill if your speed has been reduced by armor, excess equipment, or loot.

Check: You can land softly when you fall or tumble past opponents. You can also tumble to entertain an audience (as though using the Perform skill). The DCs for various tasks involving the Tumble skill are given on the table below.

DCTask

15

Treat a fall as if it were 10 feet shorter than it really is when determining damage.
15Tumble at one-half speed as part of normal movement, provoking no attacks of opportunity while doing so. Failure means you provoke attacks of opportunity normally. Check separately for each opponent you move past, in the order in which you pass them (player's choice of order in case of a tie). Each additional enemy after the first adds +2 to the Tumble DC.
25Tumble at one-half speed through an area occupied by an enemy (over, under, or around the opponent) as part of normal movement, provoking no attacks of opportunity while doing so. Failure means you stop before entering the enemy-occupied area and provoke an attack of opportunity from that enemy.
Check separately for each opponent. Each additional enemy after the first adds +2 to the Tumble DC.
30Treat a fall as if it were 20 feet shorter when determining damage.
35Free stand.
45Treat a fall as if it were 30 feet shorter when determining damage.
50Climb vertical surface.
60Treat a fall as if it were 40 feet shorter when determining damage.
100Ignore falling damage.

Free Stand: The character can stand up from prone as a free action (instead of as a move action). This doesn't provoke an attack of opportunity. If the check fails, you must stand as a move action (provoking an attack of opportunity, as usual).

Climb Vertical Surface: The character can climb up to 20 feet (as part of normal movement) by jumping and bouncing off walls, trees, or similar vertical surfaces. The character must have at least two vertical surfaces to bounce off, and the two must be within 10 feet of each other.

Ignore Falling Damage: The character can fall from any height and take no damage.

Obstructed or otherwise treacherous surfaces, such as natural cavern floors or undergrowth, are tough to tumble through. The DC for any Tumble check made to tumble into such a square is modified as indicated below.

Surface Is…DC Modifier
Lightly obstructed (light rubble, shallow bog*, undergrowth)+2
Severely obstructed (natural cavern floor, dense rubble, dense undergrowth, scree)+5
Lightly slippery (wet floor)+2
Severely slippery (ice sheet)+5
Sloped or angled+2

* Tumbling is impossible in a deep bog.

Accelerated Tumbling: You try to tumble past or through enemies more quickly than normal. By accepting a −10 penalty on your Tumble checks, you can move at your full speed instead of one-half your speed.

Action: Not applicable. Tumbling is part of movement, so a Tumble check is part of a move action.

Try Again: Usually no. An audience, once it has judged a tumbler as an uninteresting performer, is not receptive to repeat performances.

You can try to reduce damage from a fall as an instant reaction only once per fall.

Special: If you have 5 or more ranks in Tumble, you gain a +3 dodge bonus to AC when fighting defensively instead of the usual +2 dodge bonus to AC.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Tumble, you gain a +6 dodge bonus to AC when executing the total defense standard action instead of the usual +4 dodge bonus to AC.

If you have the Acrobatic feat, you get a +2 bonus on Tumble checks.

A character with 25 or more ranks in Tumble gains a +5 dodge bonus when executing the fight defensively standard or full-round action, instead of a +2 bonus (or the +3 bonus from having 5 or more ranks). Increase this dodge bonus by +1 for every 20 additional ranks above 25 the character has. A character with 25 or more ranks in Tumble gains a +10 dodge bonus to AC when executing the total defense standard action, instead of a +4 bonus (or the +6 bonus from having 5 or more ranks). Increase this dodge bonus by +2 for every 20 additional ranks above 25 the character has.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Tumble, you get a +2 bonus on Balance and Jump checks.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Jump, you get a +2 bonus on Tumble checks.

Use Magic Device (Cha; Trained Only)

Indubitably, Magic is one of the subtlest and most difficult of the sciences and arts. There is more opportunity for errors of comprehension, judgment and practice than in any other branch of physics.
–Aleister Crowley

Use this skill to activate magic items without the ordinary requirements, or to make them function as though you were something you're not.

Check: You can use this skill to read a spell or to activate a magic item. Use Magic Device lets you use a magic item as if you had the spell ability or class features of another class, as if you were a different race, or as if you were of a different alignment.

You make a Use Magic Device check each time you activate a device such as a wand. If you are using the check to emulate an alignment or some other quality in an ongoing manner, you need to make the relevant Use Magic Device check once per hour.

You must consciously choose which requirement to emulate. That is, you must know what you are trying to emulate when you make a Use Magic Device check for that purpose. The DCs for various tasks involving Use Magic Device checks are summarized on the table below.

TaskDC
Activate blindly25
Decipher a written spell25 + spell level
Use a scroll20 + caster level
Use a wand20
Emulate a class feature20
Emulate an ability scoreSee text
Emulate a race25
Emulate an alignment30

Activate Blindly: Some magic items are activated by special words, thoughts, or actions. You can activate such an item as if you were using the activation word, thought, or action, even when you're not and even if you don't know it. You do have to perform some equivalent activity in order to make the check. That is, you must speak, wave the item around, or otherwise attempt to get it to activate. You get a special +2 bonus on your Use Magic Device check if you've activated the item in question at least once before. If you fail by 9 or less, you can't activate the device. If you fail by 10 or more, you suffer a mishap. A mishap means that magical energy gets released but it doesn't do what you wanted it to do. The default mishaps are that the item affects the wrong target or that uncontrolled magical energy is released, dealing 2d6 points of damage to you. This mishap is in addition to the chance for a mishap that you normally run when you cast a spell from a scroll that you could not otherwise cast yourself.

Decipher a Written Spell: This usage works just like deciphering a written spell with the Spellcraft skill, except that the DC is 5 points higher. Deciphering a written spell requires 1 minute of concentration.

Emulate an Ability Score: To cast a spell from a scroll, you need a high score in the appropriate ability (Intelligence for wizard spells, Wisdom for divine spells, or Charisma for sorcerer or bard spells). Your effective ability score (appropriate to the class you're emulating when you try to cast the spell from the scroll) is your Use Magic Device check result minus 15. If you already have a high enough score in the appropriate ability, you don't need to make this check.

Emulate an Alignment: Some magic items have positive or negative effects based on the user's alignment. Use Magic Device lets you use these items as if you were of an alignment of your choice. You can emulate only one alignment at a time.

Emulate a Class Feature: Sometimes you need to use a class feature to activate a magic item. In this case, your effective level in the emulated class equals your Use Magic Device check result minus 20. This skill does not let you actually use the class feature of another class. It just lets you activate items as if you had that class feature. If the class whose feature you are emulating has an alignment requirement, you must meet it, either honestly or by emulating an appropriate alignment with a separate Use Magic Device check (see above).

Emulate a Race: Some magic items work only for members of certain races, or work better for members of those races. You can use such an item as if you were a race of your choice. You can emulate only one race at a time.

Use a Scroll: If you are casting a spell from a scroll, you have to decipher it first. Normally, to cast a spell from a scroll, you must have the scroll's spell on your class spell list. Use Magic Device allows you to use a scroll as if you had a particular spell on your class spell list. The DC is equal to 20 + the caster level of the spell you are trying to cast from the scroll. In addition, casting a spell from a scroll requires a minimum score (10 + spell level) in the appropriate ability. If you don't have a sufficient score in that ability, you must emulate the ability score with a separate Use Magic Device check (see above).

This use of the skill also applies to other spell completion magic items.

Use a Wand: Normally, to use a wand, you must have the wand's spell on your class spell list. This use of the skill allows you to use a wand as if you had a particular spell on your class spell list. This use of the skill also applies to other spell trigger magic items, such as staffs.

Action: None. The Use Magic Device check is made as part of the action (if any) required to activate the magic item.

Try Again: Yes, but if you ever roll a natural 1 while attempting to activate an item and you fail, then you can't try to activate that item again for 24 hours.

Special: You cannot take 10 with this skill.

You can't aid another on Use Magic Device checks. Only the user of the item may attempt such a check.

If you have the Magical Aptitude feat, you get a +2 bonus on Use Magic Device checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Spellcraft, you get a +2 bonus on Use Magic Device checks related to scrolls.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Decipher Script, you get a +2 bonus on Use Magic Device checks related to scrolls.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Use Magic Device, you get a +2 bonus to Spellcraft checks made to decipher spells on scrolls.

Use Rope (Dex)

If then such praise the Macedonian got,

For having rudely cut the Gordian knot…
–Edmund Waller

Check: Most tasks with a rope are relatively simple. The DCs for various tasks utilizing this skill are summarized on the table below.

DCTask
10Tie a firm knot
10*Secure a grappling hook
15Tie a special knot, such as one that slips, slides slowly, or loosens with a tug
15Tie a rope around yourself one-handed
15Splice two ropes together
VariesBind a character
50Quick splicing
60Tie unique knot
80Animate held rope

* Add 2 to the DC for every 10 feet the hook is thrown; see below.

Secure a Grappling Hook: Securing a grappling hook requires a Use Rope check (DC 10, +2 for every 10 feet of distance the grappling hook is thrown, to a maximum DC of 20 at 50 feet). Failure by 4 or less indicates that the hook fails to catch and falls, allowing you to try again. Failure by 5 or more indicates that the grappling hook initially holds, but comes loose after 1d4 rounds of supporting weight. This check is made secretly, so that you don't know whether the rope will hold your weight.

Bind a Character: When you bind another character with a rope, any Escape Artist check that the bound character makes is opposed by your Use Rope check.

You get a +10 bonus on this check because it is easier to bind someone than to escape from bonds. You don't even make your Use Rope check until someone tries to escape.

Quick Splicing: The character can splice two ropes together as a move-equivalent action.

Tie Unique Knot: The character can tie a knot that only he or she knows how to untie. This doesn't affect any Escape Artist checks made to escape these bindings.

Animate Held Rope: The character can command any rope he or she holds as if it had the animate rope spell cast upon it (except that using the skill in this way doesn't grant any bonus on Use Rope checks made with the animated rope). Each command requires a separate Use Rope check. Because the effect isn't magical, it can't be dispelled.

Action: Varies. Throwing a grappling hook is a standard action that provokes an attack of opportunity. Tying a knot, tying a special knot, or tying a rope around yourself one-handed is a full-round action that provokes an attack of opportunity. Splicing two ropes together takes 5 minutes. Binding a character takes 1 minute.

Special: A silk rope gives you a +2 circumstance bonus on Use Rope checks. If you cast an animate rope spell on a rope, you get a +2 circumstance bonus on any Use Rope checks you make when using that rope.

These bonuses stack.

If you have the Deft Hands feat, you get a +2 bonus on Use Rope checks.

Synergy: If you have 5 or more ranks in Use Rope, you get a +2 bonus on Climb checks made to climb a rope, a knotted rope, or a rope-and-wall combination.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Use Rope, you get a +2 bonus on Escape Artist checks when escaping from rope bonds.

If you have 5 or more ranks in Escape Artist, you get a +2 bonus on checks made to bind someone.


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